Lincoln Highway Approach to the Cervical Spine

  • Robert G. Watkins


Occasionally the need arises for maximally expanded exposure of the cervical spine. For exposure of multilevel anterior cervical disease from Cl to T2;l Riley expanded the basic anterior medial Robinson approach. Various aspects of the approach, seen in Chapters 4, 6, and 9, are combined into one extensive exposure.


Dial Calis Shoe Cepha 


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  1. 1.
    Riley L: Surgical approaches to anterior structures of the cervical spine. Clin Orthop 91:16–20, 1973.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert G. Watkins
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Clinical Orthopedic SurgeryUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.St. Vincent’s HospitalLos Angeles Spine Surgery InstituteLos AngelesUSA

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