Molecular Biology of Chromosome Function

  • Kenneth W. Adolph

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. DNA Replication and Recombination

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-2
    2. Russell J. DiGate, Kenneth J. Marians
      Pages 21-42
    3. Arnold J. Levine
      Pages 71-96
    4. Charles S. McHenry
      Pages 97-129
  3. Gene Transcription

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 131-132
    2. Kyle L. Wick, Kathleen S. Matthews
      Pages 133-156
    3. Ekkehard K. F. Bautz, Gabriele Petersen
      Pages 157-179
    4. Nancy E. Thompson, Richard R. Burgess
      Pages 180-206
    5. Jonathan C. S. Noble, James L. Manley
      Pages 243-261
    6. Stanley F. Barnett, Stephanie J. Northington, Wallace M. LeStourgeon
      Pages 262-279
  4. Chromosome Organization

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 281-282
    2. Yousif Shamoo, Kathleen M. Keating, Kenneth R. Williams, William H. Konigsberg
      Pages 302-322
    3. Michael Grunstein, Min Han, Ung-Jin Kim, Tillman Schuster, Paul Kayne
      Pages 347-365

About this book

Introduction

Chromosomes have structure, determined by the interactions of proteins with DNA, and chromosomes have functions, in particular, replication of DNA and transcription of messenger RNA. Chromosome structure and function are not separate topics, since chromosome organization pro­ foundly influences the activity of the genome in replication and transcrip­ tion. This is especially clear for higher cells, including human cells, in which chromatin fibers are created by the binding of histone proteins to the DNA, and folding of the fibers produces mitotic chromosomes and interphase nuclei. The intricate organization of DNA in higher cells is now recognized as being closely involved with genome activity. Many fundamental results have originated from studies of bacterial and viral systems, which have been systems of choice because of their less complex life cycles. The processes of replication and transcription show differences between the higher and simpler systems (e. g. , different enzymes and protein factors are involved). But the parallels are as striking as the differences in detail. Even for bacteria and viruses, a full understanding of these processes will require integrating the results of molecular biology with those of structural biology and cell biology. Three important subjects are covered in this volume: DNA replication and recombination, gene transcription, and chromosome organization. The sections dealing with replication and transcription examine recent results obtained by applying the techniques of molecular biology and biochemistry. Eukaryotic, prokaryotic, and viral systems are discussed.

Keywords

DNA RNA Termination biology chromosome enzyme enzymes gene gene transcription molecular biology protein proteins recombination replication transcription

Editors and affiliations

  • Kenneth W. Adolph
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of Minnesota Medical SchoolMinneapolisUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-3652-8
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1989
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4612-8192-4
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4612-3652-8
  • About this book