Russian Meteorology and Hydrology

, Volume 43, Issue 2, pp 72–78 | Cite as

Assessment of the Snow Cover Effect on Soil Surface Temperature from Observational Data

  • A. B. Sherstiukov
  • O. A. Anisimov


A method is proposed for calculating the effective thermal conductivity of snow cover based on the data on snow surface temperature and soil temperature measured at weather stations. The quantitative estimates of the snow cover effect on soil temperature are presented. The spatial differences in this effect are described. The results obtained significantly enhance the opportunities of applying simple models to forecast permafrost conditions under the climate change.


Thermalcon ductivity snow cover soil temperature permafrost quantitative estimates modeling 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    O. A. Anisimov, Yu. A. Anokhin, S. A. Lavrov, et al., “Continental Permafrost,” in Methods ofStudying Climate Change Consequences for Natural Systems, Ed. by S. M. Semenov (Moscow, 2012) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    O. A. Anisimov, V. I. Grebenets, and D. A. Streletskii, “Economic Objects Located on Permafrost,” in Second Roshydromet Assessment Report on the Climate Change and Its Consequences in Russian Federation, Ed. by S. M. Semenov and V. M. Kattsov (Roshydromet, Moscow, 2014) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    O. A. Anisimov and D. A. Streletskii, “Geocryologic Risks Reiated to the Permafrost Thawing,” Arktika XXI Vek. Estestvennye Nauki, No. 2, 3 (2015) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    N. I. Bykov and E. S. Popov, Observations of Snow Cover Dynamics in the Protected Areas of the Altai-Sayan Ecoregion (Methodological Guidelines), Ed. by T. V. Yashina (Krasnoyarsk, 2011) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    The Second Roshydromet Assessment Report on the Climate Change and Its Consequences in Russian Federation. General Summary (Roshydromet, Moscow, 2014) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    V. I. Grebenets and V. A. Isakov, “Deformations of Roads and Railways within the Norilsk-Talnakh Transportation Corridor and the Stabilization Methods,” Kriosfera Zemli, No. 2, 20 (2016) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. I. Grebenets and Yu. A. Ukhova, “Decrease in Geotechnical Reliability in Case of Worsening of Frozen Conditions of Bases,” Osnovaniya, Fundamenty i Mekhanika Gruntov, No. 5 (2008) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    V. N. Dimo, The Thermal Regime of the USSR Soils (Kolos, Moscow, 1972) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    V. M. Kotlyakov, N. I. Osokin, and A. V. Sosnovskii, “Variability of Thermal Resistance of Snow Cover and Its Effect on the Soil Freezing and Thawing,” Led i Sneg, No. 1 (2013) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Manual for Hydrometeorological Stations, Issue 3, Part 1 (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1985) [inRussian].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    N. I. Osokin, R. S. Samoilov, A. V. Sosnovskii, et al., “Assessment of Effects of Variability of Snow Cover Characteristics on Soil Freezing,” Kriosfera Zemli, No. 1, 3 (1999) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    N. I. Osokin and A. V. Sosnovskii, “Experimental Studies of the Effective Thermal Conductivity of Snow Cover on Spitsbergen,” Led i Sneg, No. 3, 127 (2014) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. V. Pavlov, Permafrost Monitoring (Geo, Novosibirsk, 2008) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    D. A. Streletskii, N. I. Shiklomanov, and V. I. Grebenets, “Changes in Permafrost Bearing Capacity due to Climate Warming in Northwestern Siberia,” Kriosfera Zemli, No. 1, 16 (2012) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. B. Sherstiukov, “Dataset of Daily Soil Temperature at the Depth to 320 cm for the Weather Stations of the Russian Federation,” Trudy VNIIGMI-MTsD, No. 176 (2012) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. B. Sherstiukov, “Statistical Control of Daily Soil Temperature Dataset,” Trudy VNIIGMI-MTsD, No. 176 (2012) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. M. Shul’gin, Soil Temperature Regime (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1957) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. M. Shul’gin, Soil Climate and Its Control (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1972) [in Russian].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.All-Russian Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information–World Data CenterObninsk, Kaluga oblastRussia
  2. 2.State Hydrological InstituteSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations