Effects of different Rht-B1b, Rht-D1b and Rht-B1c dwarfing genes on agronomic characteristics in wheat

Summary

The value of different dwarfing genes in winter wheat breeding was studied using 6 near-isogenic lines carrying different Rht dwarfing genes over three years experiment. Results showed that both the Rht-B1b and Rht-D1b semi-dwarfing genes had significantly positive effects on kernel number and grain weight per spike, and had significantly negative effects on 1000-grain weight comparing to the tall line (Rht-B1a). The Rht-B1c dwarfing gene had a significantly negative effect on kernel number per spike, and had positive effect on 1000-grain weight. The combination of the Rht-D1b and Rht-B1c gene showed significantly negative effect on yield components. All of these 5 dwarfing or semi-dwarfing genotypes mentioned above had significantly negative effect on plant height and no significantly effect on the area of flag leaf, spikelets per spike and spike length.

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Correspondence to Xing-Pu Li.

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Li, XP., Lan, SQ., Liu, YP. et al. Effects of different Rht-B1b, Rht-D1b and Rht-B1c dwarfing genes on agronomic characteristics in wheat. CEREAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 34, 919–924 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1556/CRC.34.2006.2-3.220

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Key words

  • Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
  • Dwarfing gene
  • Near-isogenic line (NILs)
  • Agronomic characteristics