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Laparoscopic Ovarian Transposition with Extraperitonealization of the Infundibulopelvic Ligament for Cervical Cancer in Ten Steps


Preservation of ovarian function is important for the physical and psychosexual well-being of young patients with cancer. Patients with pelvic malignancies such as cervical or rectal cancer planned for radiotherapy may benefit from ovarian transposition with the aim of moving the ovaries outside the radiation field.1 Different surgical techniques have been reported previously.2,3 With the present video, we aim to standardize the surgical technique of laparoscopic ovarian transposition in ten steps. We present the case of a 30-year-old nulliparous woman diagnosed with grade 3 squamous cell cervical carcinoma having a largest tumor diameter of 41 mm on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. The tumor was staged as FIGO 2018 stage IIIC1r with a common iliac lymphadenopathy reported on both MRI and positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) scan. The multidisciplinary team recommended exclusive chemoradiation extended to paraaortic area. The patient underwent laparoscopic bilateral salpingectomy and bilateral ovarian transposition with extraperitonealization of the infundibulopelvic ligament. The procedure was divided into the following ten steps: division of uteroovarian ligament, incision of lateral pelvic peritoneum, identification of ureter, incision of medial pelvic peritoneum, skeletonization of the infundibulopelvic ligament, retroperitoneal tunnel in paracolic gutter, creating the window (as high as possible), mobilization of the ovary without torsion, intraperitonealization of the ovary, and fix ovary with clips (Fig. 1). Surgical time was 30 min, with minimal estimated blood loss. No intra- or postoperative complication was recorded. The patient started radiotherapy 14 days after the procedure. In conclusion, we showed that laparoscopic ovarian transposition in cervical cancer before radiotherapy can be standardized in ten steps with encouraging perioperative results, making it an easily reproducible procedure. Ovarian function is reported to be preserved in 62–65% of cases undergoing ovarian transposition and radiation therapy.4,5

Laparoscopic view of right ovary transposed below the liver edge after extraperitonealization of the infudibulopelvic ligament


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The authors thank the surgical team and scrub nurses at Policlinico Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

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Correspondence to Nicolò Bizzarri MD.

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Denis Querleu: consultant, Mimark Inc., Barcelona, Spain, since October 2021 and consultant, Arquers Diagnostics, Oxford, England, until October 2021, both related to diagnosis of endometrial cancer, outside the submitted work.

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Laparoscopic ovarian transposition with extraperitonealization of the infundibulopelvic ligament for cervical cancer in ten steps (MP4 265569 kb)

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Bizzarri, N., Loverro, M., Angeles, M.A. et al. Laparoscopic Ovarian Transposition with Extraperitonealization of the Infundibulopelvic Ligament for Cervical Cancer in Ten Steps. Ann Surg Oncol (2022).

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