AAPS PharmSciTech

, Volume 19, Issue 5, pp 1957–1970 | Cite as

Improved Vemurafenib Dissolution and Pharmacokinetics as an Amorphous Solid Dispersion Produced by KinetiSol® Processing

  • Daniel J. EllenbergerEmail author
  • Dave A. Miller
  • Sandra U. Kucera
  • Robert O. WilliamsIII
Research Article Theme: Applications of KinetiSol Dispersing for Advanced Amorphous Solid Dispersions
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Theme: Applications of KinetiSol Dispersing for Advanced Amorphous Solid Dispersions


Vemurafenib is a poorly soluble, low permeability drug that has a demonstrated need for a solubility-enhanced formulation. However, conventional approaches for amorphous solid dispersion production are challenging due to the physiochemical properties of the compound. A suitable and novel method for creating an amorphous solid dispersion, known as solvent-controlled coprecipitation, was developed to make a material known as microprecipitated bulk powder (MBP). However, this approach has limitations in its processing and formulation space. In this study, it was hypothesized that vemurafenib can be processed by KinetiSol into the same amorphous formulation as MBP. The KinetiSol process utilizes high shear to rapidly process amorphous solid dispersions containing vemurafenib. Analysis of the material demonstrated that KinetiSol produced amorphous, single-phase material with acceptable chemical purity and stability. Values obtained were congruent to analysis conducted on the comparator material. However, the materials differed in particle morphology as the KinetiSol material was dense, smooth, and uniform while the MBP comparator was porous in structure and exhibited high surface area. The particles produced by KinetiSol had improved in-vitro dissolution and pharmacokinetic performance for vemurafenib compared to MBP due to slower drug nucleation and recrystallization which resulted in superior supersaturation maintenance during drug release. In the in-vivo rat pharmacokinetic study, both amorphous solid dispersions produced by KinetiSol exhibited mean AUC values at least two-fold that of MBP when dosed as a suspension. It was concluded that the KinetiSol process produced superior dosage forms containing vemurafenib with the potential for substantial reduction in patient pill burden.


vemurafenib kinetiSol microprecipitated bulk powder amorphous solid dispersion solubility enhancement 


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Copyright information

© American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel J. Ellenberger
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Dave A. Miller
    • 1
  • Sandra U. Kucera
    • 1
  • Robert O. WilliamsIII
    • 2
  1. 1.DisperSol Technologies, LLCGeorgetownUSA
  2. 2.College of PharmacyThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA

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