Abatzoglou, J.T., and A.P. Williams. 2016. Impact of anthropogenic climate change on wildfire across western US forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113: 11770–11775 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1607171113.
Agee, J.K., and C.N. Skinner. 2005. Basic principles of forest fuel reduction treatments. Forest Ecology and Management 211 (1–2): 83–96 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2005.01.034.
Allen, C.D., M. Savage, D.A. Falk, K.F. Suckling, T.W. Swetnam, T. Schulke, P.B. Stacey, P. Morgan, M. Hoffman, and J.T. Klingel. 2002. Ecological restoration of Southwestern ponderosa pine ecosystems: a broad perspective. Ecological Applications 12 (5): 1418–1433 https://doi.org/10.1890/1051-0761(2002)012[1418:EROSPP]2.0.CO;2.
Armour, C.D., S.C. Bunting, and L.F. Neuenschwander. 1984. Fire intensity effects on the understory in ponderosa pine forests. Journal of Range Management 37 (1): 44–49 https://doi.org/10.2307/3898822.
Bartuszevige, A.M., and P.L. Kennedy. 2009. Synthesis of knowledge on the effects of fire and thinning treatments on understory vegetation in US dry forests. Special report 1095. Corvallis: Oregon State University Agricultural Experiment Station.
Battaglia, M.A., F.W. Smith, and W.D. Shepperd. 2008. Can prescribed fire be used to maintain fuel treatment effectiveness over time in Black Hills ponderosa pine forests? Forest Ecology and Management 256 (12): 2029–2038 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2008.07.026.
Bernau, C.R., E.K. Strand, and S.C. Bunting. 2018. Fuel bed response to vegetation treatments in juniper-invaded sagebrush steppe. Fire Ecology 14: 1–13 https://doi.org/10.1186/s42408-018-0002-z.
Bonnet, V.H., A.W. Schoettle, and W.D. Shepperd. 2005. Postfire environmental conditions influence the spatial pattern of regeneration for Pinus ponderosa. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35 (1): 37–47 https://doi.org/10.1139/x04-157.
Bradley, A.F., N.V. Noste, and W.C. Fischer. 1992. Fire ecology of forests and woodlands in Utah. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-287 92. Ogden: USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station https://doi.org/10.2737/INT-GTR-287.
Bright, B.C., A.T. Hudak, and J.M. Dodge. 2019a. Post-fire field observations across the 2007 Egley Fire in central Oregon. Fort Collins: Forest Service Research Data Archive. https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2019-0015
Bright, B.C., A.T. Hudak, E.K. Strand, B.A. Newingham, A.G. Smith, D.H. Hammond, J.M. Dodge, and J. Bontrager. 2019b. Field attributes and satellite data for “How vegetation recovery and fuel conditions in past fires influences fuels and future fire management in five western US ecosystems”. Fort Collins: Forest Service Research Data Archive https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2019-0005.
Brown, J.K. 1974. Handbook for inventorying downed woody material. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report INT-16. Ogden: USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station.
Caprio, A., S. Haultain, M. Keifer, and J. Manley. 1999. Problem evaluation and recommendations: invasive cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) in Cedar Grove, Kings Canyon National Park. Three Rivers: Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, Science and Natural Resource Division.
Chung, W. 2015. Optimizing fuel treatments to reduce wildland fire risk. Current Forestry Reports 1 (1): 44–51 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40725-015-0005-9.
Collins, B.M., J.J. Moghaddas, and S.L. Stephens. 2007. Initial changes in forest structure and understory plant communities following fuel reduction activities in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest. Forest Ecology and Management 239: 102–111 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2006.11.013.
Coop, J.D., S.A. Parks, S.R. McClernan, and L.M. Holsinger. 2016. Influences of prior wildfires on vegetation response to subsequent fire in a reburned Southwestern landscape. Ecological Applications 26 (2): 346–354 https://doi.org/10.1890/15-0775.
Cooper, C.F. 1960. Changes in vegetation, structure, and growth of Southwestern pine forests since white settlement. Ecological Monographs 30 (2): 129–164 https://doi.org/10.2307/1948549.
Covington, W.W., and M.M. Moore. 1994. Post settlement changes in natural fire regimes and forest structure: ecological restoration of old-growth ponderosa pine forests. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 2: 153–181 https://doi.org/10.1300/J091v02n01_07.
Cribari-Neto, F., and A. Zeileis. 2010. Beta regression in R. Journal of Statistical Software 34: 1–24 https://doi.org/10.18637/jss.v034.i02.
Crotteau, J.S., J.M. Varner III, and M.W. Ritchie. 2013. Post-fire regeneration across a fire severity gradient in the southern Cascades. Forest Ecology and Management 287: 103–112 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.09.022.
Dodson, E.K., and C.E. Fiedler. 2006. Impacts of restoration treatments on alien plant invasion in Pinus ponderosa forests, Montana, USA. Journal of Applied Ecology 43 (5): 887–897 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2006.01206.x.
Dodson, E.K., D.W. Peterson, and R.J. Harrod. 2008. Understory vegetation response to thinning and burning restoration treatments in dry conifer forests of the eastern Cascades, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 3130–3140 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2008.01.026.
Dodson, E.K., and H.T. Root. 2013. Conifer regeneration following stand-replacing wildfire varies along an elevation gradient in a ponderosa pine forest, Oregon, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 302: 163–170 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2013.03.050.
Eidenshink, J., B. Schwind, K. Brewer, Z.-L. Zhu, B. Quayle, and S. Howard. 2007. A project for monitoring trends in burn severity. Fire Ecology 3 (1): 3–21 https://doi.org/10.4996/fireecology.0301003.
Ellsworth, L.M., and J.B. Kauffman. 2010. Native bunchgrass response to prescribed fire in ungrazed mountain big sagebrush ecosystems. Fire Ecology 6 (3): 86–96 https://doi.org/10.4996/fireecology.0603086.
Finney, M.A., C.W. McHugh, and I.C. Grenfell. 2005. Stand- and landscape-level effects of prescribed burning on two Arizona wildfires. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35 (7): 1714–1722 https://doi.org/10.1139/x05-090.
Fulé, P.Z., W.W. Covington, and M.M. Moore. 1997. Determining reference conditions for ecosystem management of Southwestern ponderosa pine forests. Ecological Applications 7 (3): 895–908 https://doi.org/10.1890/1051-0761(1997)007[0895:DRCFEM]2.0.CO;2.
Fulé, P.Z., J.E. Crouse, J.P. Roccaforte, and E.L. Kalies. 2012. Do thinning and/or burning treatments in western USA ponderosa or Jeffrey pine-dominated forests help restore natural fire behavior? Forest Ecology and Management 269: 68–81 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2011.12.025.
Fulé, P.Z., D.C. Laughlin, and W.W. Covington. 2005. Pine–oak forest dynamics five years after ecological restoration treatments, Arizona, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 218: 129–145 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2005.07.005.
Fulé, P.Z., J.P. Roccaforte, and W.W. Covington. 2007. Posttreatment tree mortality after forest ecological restoration, Arizona, United States. Environmental Management 40 (4): 623–634 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-006-0374-8.
Gorelick, N., M. Hancher, M. Dixon, S. Ilyushchenko, D. Thau, and R. Moore. 2017. Google Earth Engine: planetary-scale geospatial analysis for everyone. Remote Sensing of Environment 202: 18–27 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2017.06.031.
Gorte, R. 2013. The rising cost of wildfire protection. Bozeman: Headwaters Economics.
Graham, R.T., A.E. Harvey, T.B. Jain, and J.R. Tonn. 1999. The effects of thinning and similar stand treatments on fire behavior in Western forests. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-463. Portland: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station https://doi.org/10.2737/PNW-GTR-463.
Gratkowski, H.J. 1962. Heat as a factor in germination of seeds of Ceanothus velutinus var. leavigatus T. & G. Thesis. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA.
Griffis, K.L., J.A. Crawford, M.R. Wagner, and W.H. Moir. 2001. Understory response to management treatments in northern Arizona ponderosa pine forests. Forest Ecology and Management 146: 239–245 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00461-8.
Groffman, P.M., J.S. Baron, T. Blett, A.J. Gold, I. Goodman, L.H. Gunderson, B.M. Levinson, M.A. Palmer, H.W. Paerl, G.D. Peterson, N.L. Poff, D.W. Rejeski, J.F. Reynolds, M.G. Turner, K.C. Weathers, and J. Wiens. 2006. Ecological thresholds: the key to successful environmental management or an important concept with no practical application? Ecosystems 9 (1): 1–13 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-003-0142-z.
Hardy, C.C., R.D. Ottmar, J.L. Peterson, J.E. Core, and P. Seamon, eds. 2001. Smoke management guide for prescribed and wildland fire: 2001 edition. PMS 420-2. NFES 1279. Boise: National Wildfire Coordination Group.
Haskins, K.E., and C.A. Gehring. 2004. Long-term effects of burning slash on plant communities and arbuscular mycorrhizae in a semi-arid woodland. Journal of Applied Ecology 41 (2): 379–388 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0021-8901.2004.00889.x.
Hessburg, P.F., J.K. Agee, and J.F. Franklin. 2005. Dry forests and wildland fires of the inland northwest USA: contrasting the landscape ecology of the pre-settlement and modern eras. Forest Ecology and Management 211: 117–139 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2005.02.016.
Hille, M.G., and S.L. Stephens. 2005. Mixed conifer forest duff consumption during prescribed fires: tree crown impacts. Forest Science 51 (5): 417–424.
Holling, C.S. 1973. Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 4: 1–23 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.04.110173.000245.
Hudak, A.T., T.B. Jain, P. Morgan, and J.T. Clark. 2011a. Remote sensing of WUI fuel treatment effectiveness following the 2007 wildfires in central Idaho. In Proceedings of the 3rd fire behavior and fuels conference, October 25–29, 2010, Spokane, Washington, USA, ed. D.D. Wade and M.L. Robinson, 1–11. Birmingham: International Association of Wildland Fire.
Hudak, A.T., P. Morgan, M.J. Bobbitt, A.M.S. Smith, S.A. Lewis, L.B. Lentile, P.R. Robichaud, J.T. Clark, and R.A. McKinley. 2007. The relationship of multispectral satellite imagery to immediate fire effects. Fire Ecology 3 (1): 64–90 https://doi.org/10.4996/fireecology.0301064.
Hudak, A.T., I. Rickert, P. Morgan, E.K. Strand, S.A. Lewis, P.R. Robichaud, C.M. Hoffman, and Z.A. Holden. 2011b. Review of fuel treatment effectiveness in forests and rangelands and a case study from the 2007 megafires in central Idaho, USA. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-2. Fort Collins: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station https://doi.org/10.2737/RMRS-GTR-252.
Kalies, E.L., and L.L. Yocom Kent. 2016. Tamm review: are fuel treatments effective at achieving ecological and social objectives? A systematic review. Forest Ecology and Management 375: 84–95 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2016.05.021.
Kane, J.M., J.M. Varner, E.E. Knapp, and R.F. Powers. 2010. Understory vegetation response to mechanical mastication and other fuels treatments in a ponderosa pine forest. Applied Vegetation Science 13 (2): 207–220 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-109X.2009.01062.x.
Keane, R.E., and L.J. Dickinson. 2007. The photoload sampling technique: estimating surface fuel loadings from downward-looking photographs of synthetic fuelbeds. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report RMRO-GTR-190. Fort Collins: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain research Station https://doi.org/10.2737/RMRS-GTR-190.
Keane, R.E., K. Gray, V. Bacciu, and S. Leirfallom. 2012. Spatial scaling of wildland fuels for six forest and rangeland ecosystems of the northern Rocky Mountains, USA. Landscape Ecology 27 (8): 1213–1234 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-012-9773-9.
Keeley, J.E. 2006. Fire management impacts on invasive plants in the western United States. Conservation Biology 20 (2): 375–384 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00339.x.
Keeley, J.E. 2009. Fire intensity, fire severity and burn severity: a brief review and suggested usage. International Journal of Wildland Fire 18 (1): 116–126 https://doi.org/10.1071/WF07049.
Keeley, J.E., D. Lubin, and C.J. Fotheringham. 2003. Fire and grazing impacts on plant diversity and alien plant invasions in the southern Sierra Nevada. Ecological Applications 13 (5): 1355–1374 https://doi.org/10.1890/02-5002.
Kemp, K.B., P.E. Higuera, and P. Morgan. 2016. Fire legacies impact conifer regeneration across environmental gradients in the US northern Rockies. Landscape Ecology 31 (3): 619–636 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-015-0268-3.
Kennedy, R.E., Z. Yang, and W.B. Cohen. 2010. Detecting trends in forest disturbance and recovery using yearly Landsat time series: 1. LandTrendr—temporal segmentation algorithms. Remote Sensing of Environment 114 (12): 2897–2910 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2010.07.008.
Kennedy, R.E., Z. Yang, N. Gorelick, J. Braaten, L. Cavalcante, W.B. Cohen, and S. Healey. 2018. Implementation of the LandTrendr algorithm on Google Earth Engine. Remote Sensing 10 (5): 691 https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10050691.
Key, C.H., and N.C. Benson. 2006. Landscape assessment: sampling and analysis methods. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-164-CD. Fort Collins: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.
Kilgore, B.M. 1981. Fire in ecosystem distribution and structure: Western forests and scrublands. In Proceedings of the conference, fire regimes and ecosystem properties. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report WO-GTR-26, ed. H.A. Mooney, T.M. Bonnickson, N.L. Christensen, J.E. Lotan, and B.H. Honkala, 58–89. Washington, D.C.: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service.
Knapp, E.E., D.W. Schwilk, J.M. Kane, and J.E. Keeley. 2007. Role of burning season on initial understory vegetation response to prescribed fire in a mixed conifer forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37 (1): 11–22 https://doi.org/10.1139/x06-200.
Korb, J.E., N.C. Johnson, and W.W. Covington. 2004. Slash pile burning effects on soil biotic and chemical properties and plant establishment: recommendations for amelioration. Restoration Ecology 12 (1): 52–62 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1061-2971.2004.00304.x.
Lentile, L.B., A.M.S. Smith, A.T. Hudak, P. Morgan, and M.J. Bobbitt. 2009. Remote sensing for prediction of 1-year post-fire ecosystem condition. International Journal of Wildland Fire 18 (5): 594–608 https://doi.org/10.1071/WF07091.
Lentile, L.B., F.W. Smith, and W.D. Shepperd. 2006. Influence of topography and forest structure on patterns of mixed severity fire in ponderosa pine forests of the South Dakota Black Hills, USA. International Journal of Wildland Fire 15 (4): 557–566 https://doi.org/10.1071/WF05096.
Littell, J.S., D. McKenzie, D.L. Peterson, and A.L. Westerling. 2009. Climate and wildfire area burned in western US ecoprovinces, 1916–2003. Ecological Applications 19 (4): 1003–1021 https://doi.org/10.1890/07-1183.1.
McCune, B. 1988. Ecological diversity in North American pines. American Journal of Botany 75 (3): 353–368 https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1537-2197.1988.tb13450.x.
McCune, B., and J.B. Grace. 2002. Analysis of ecological communities. Gleneden Beach: MjM Software Design.
McCune, B., and M.J. Mefford. 2016. PC-ORD: multivariate analysis of ecological data. Gleneden Beach: MjM Software Design.
Metlen, K.L., and C.E. Fiedler. 2006. Restoration treatment effects on the understory of ponderosa pine/Douglas-fir forests in western Montana, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 222: 355–369 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2005.10.037.
Metlen, K.L., C.E. Fiedler, and A. Youngblood. 2004. Understory response to fuel reduction treatments in the Blue Mountains of northeastern Oregon. Northwest Science 78: 175–185.
Moore, M.M., C.A. Casey, J.D. Bakker, J.D. Springer, P.Z. Fulé, W.W. Covington, and D.C. Laughlin. 2006. Herbaceous vegetation responses (1992–2004) to restoration treatments in a ponderosa pine. Rangeland Ecology & Management 59 (2): 135–144 https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_jrm_v59i2_moore.
Morgan, P., C.C. Hardy, T.W. Swetnam, M.G. Rollins, and D.G. Long. 2001. Mapping fire regimes across time and space: understanding coarse and fine-scale fire patterns. International Journal of Wildland Fire 10 (4): 329–342 https://doi.org/10.1071/WF01032.
Nelder, J., and W. Wedderburn. 1972. Generalized linear models. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A 135: 370–384 https://doi.org/10.2307/2344614.
Parsons, A., and A. Orlemann. 2002. Mapping post-wildfire burn severity using remote sensing and GIS. In Proceedings of the 22nd annual ESRI International user conference, 8–12 July 2002, San Diego, CA, 1–9. Redlands: ESRI Press.
Passovoy, M.D., and P.Z. Fulé. 2006. Snag and woody debris dynamics following severe wildfires in northern Arizona ponderosa pine forests. Forest Ecology and Management 223: 237–246 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2005.11.016.
Peña, E.A., and E.H. Slate. 2006. Global validation of linear models assumptions. Journal of the American Statistical Association 101 (473): 341–354 https://doi.org/10.1198/016214505000000637.
Prichard, S.J., D.L. Peterson, and K. Jacobson. 2010. Fuel treatments reduce the severity of wildfire effects in dry mixed conifer forest, Washington, USA. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40 (8): 1615–1626 https://doi.org/10.1139/X10-109.
R Core Team. 2013. R: a language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna: R Foundation for Statistical Computing http://www.R-project.org/.
Roccaforte, J.P., P.Z. Fulé, W.W. Chancellor, and D.C. Laughlin. 2012. Woody debris and tree regeneration dynamics following severe wildfires in Arizona ponderosa pine forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 42 (3): 593–604 https://doi.org/10.1139/x2012-010.
Savage, M., and J.N. Mast. 2005. How resilient are Southwestern ponderosa pine forests after crown fires? Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35 (4): 967–977 https://doi.org/10.1139/x05-028.
Schubert, G.H. 1974. Silviculture of Southwestern ponderosa pine: the status of our knowledge. USDA Forest Service Research Paper RM-123. Fort Collins: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.98816.
Schwilk, D.W., J.E. Keeley, E.E. Knapp, J. McIver, J.D. Bailey, C.J. Fettig, C. Fiedler, R.J. Harrod, J.J. Moghaddas, K.W. Outcalt, C.N. Skinner, S.L. Stephens, T.A. Waldrop, D.A. Yaussy, and A. Youngblood. 2009. The national Fire and Fire Surrogate study: effects of fuel reduction methods on forest vegetation structure and fuels. Ecological Applications 19 (2): 285–304 https://doi.org/10.1890/07-1747.1.
Sikkink, P.G., and R.E. Keane. 2008. A comparison of five sampling techniques to estimate surface fuel loading in montane forests. International Journal of Wildland Fire 17 (3): 363–379 https://doi.org/10.1071/WF07003.
Stephens, S.L., B.M. Collins, and G. Roller. 2012a. Fuel treatment longevity in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest. Forest Ecology and Management 285: 204–212 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.08.030.
Stephens, S.L., M.A. Finney, and H. Schantz. 2004. Bulk density and fuel loads of ponderosa pine and white fir forest floors: impacts of leaf morphology. Northwest Science 78: 93–100.
Stephens, S.L., J.D. McIver, R.E.J. Boerner, C.J. Fettig, J.B. Fontaine, B.R. Hartsough, P.L. Kennedy, and D.W. Schwilk. 2012b. The effects of forest fuel-reduction treatments in the United States. BioScience 62 (6): 549–560 https://doi.org/10.1525/bio.2012.62.6.6.
Stephens, S.L., J.J. Moghaddas, C. Edminster, C.E. Fiedler, S. Haase, M.G. Harrington, J.E. Keeley, E.E. Knapp, J.D. McIver, K. Metlen, C.N. Skinner, and A. Youngblood. 2009. Fire treatment effects on vegetation structure, fuels, and potential fire severity in western US forests. Ecological Applications 19 (2): 305–320 https://doi.org/10.1890/07-1755.1.
Stephens, S.L., and L.W. Ruth. 2005. Federal forest-fire policy in the United States. Ecological Applications 15 (2): 532–542 https://doi.org/10.1890/04-0545.
Stevens-Rumann, C.S., C.H. Sieg, and M.E. Hunter. 2012. Ten years after wildfires: how does varying tree mortality impact fire hazard and forest resiliency? Forest Ecology and Management 267: 199–208 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2011.12.003.
Tinkham, W.T., C.M. Hoffman, S.A. Ex, M.A. Battaglia, and J.D. Saralecos. 2016. Ponderosa pine forest restoration treatment longevity: implications of regeneration on fire hazard. Forests 7 (7): 137 https://doi.org/10.3390/f7070137.
Turner, M.G., W.H. Romme, R.H. Gardner, and W.W. Hargrove. 1997. Effects of fire size and pattern on early succession in Yellowstone National Park. Ecological Monographs 67 (4): 411–433 https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9615(1997)067[0411:EOFSAP]2.0.CO;2.
US Climate Data. 2019. US climate data: temperature, precipitation, sunshine, snowfall. https://www.usclimatedata.com/climate/burns/oregon/united-states/usor0047. Accessed 19 May 2018.
Vaillant, N.M., J. Fites-Kaufman, A.L. Reiner, E.K. Noonan-Wright, and S.N. Dailey. 2009. Effectiveness of fuel treatments on fuels and potential fire behavior in California, USA, national forests. Fire Ecology 5 (2): 14–29 https://doi.org/10.4996/fireecology.0502014.
Vakili, E., C.M. Hoffman, R.E. Keane, W.T. Tinkham, and Y. Dickinson. 2016. Spatial variability of surface fuels in treated and untreated ponderosa pine forests of the southern Rocky Mountains. International Journal of Wildland Fire 25 (11): 1156–1168 https://doi.org/10.1071/WF16072.
van Wagtendonk, J.W., R.R. Root, and C.H. Key. 2004. Comparison of AVIRIS and Landsat ETM+ detection capabilities for burn severity. Remote Sensing of Environment 92 (3): 397–408 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2003.12.015.
Weiner, N.I., E.K. Strand, S.C. Bunting, and A.M.S. Smith. 2016. Duff distribution influences fire severity and post-fire vegetation recovery in sagebrush steppe. Ecosystems 19 (7): 1196–1209 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-016-9994-x.
Westerling, A.L., H.G. Hidalgo, D.R. Cayan, and T.W. Swetnam. 2006. Warming and earlier spring increase western US forest wildfire activity. Science 313 (5789): 940–943 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1128834.
Woodall, C.W., and V.J. Monleon. 2006. Estimating the quadratic mean diameter of fine woody debris for forest type groups of the United States. In Proceedings of the eighth annual forest inventory and analysis symposium. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report WO-79, ed. R.E. McRoberts, G.A. Reams, P.C. Van Deusen, and W.H. McWilliams, 185–190. Washington, D.C.: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service https://doi.org/10.2737/WO-GTR-79.
Yoder, J., D. Engle, and S. Fuhlendorf. 2004. Liability, incentives, and prescribed fire for ecosystem management. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 2 (7): 361–366 https://doi.org/10.2307/3868361.