Nuclear data activities at the n_TOF facility at CERN

  • The n_TOF Collaboration
  • F. Gunsing
  • O. Aberle
  • J. Andrzejewski
  • L. Audouin
  • V. Bécares
  • M. Bacak
  • J. Balibrea-Correa
  • M. Barbagallo
  • S. Barros
  • F. Bečvář
  • C. Beinrucker
  • F. Belloni
  • E. Berthoumieux
  • J. Billowes
  • D. Bosnar
  • M. Brugger
  • M. Caamaño
  • F. Calviño
  • M. Calviani
  • D. Cano-Ott
  • R. Cardella
  • A. Casanovas
  • D. M. Castelluccio
  • F. Cerutti
  • Y. H. Chen
  • E. Chiaveri
  • N. Colonna
  • M. A. Cortés-Giraldo
  • G. Cortés
  • L. Cosentino
  • L. A. Damone
  • K. Deo
  • M. Diakaki
  • C. Domingo-Pardo
  • R. Dressler
  • E. Dupont
  • I. Durán
  • B. Fernández-Domínguez
  • A. Ferrari
  • P. Ferreira
  • P. Finocchiaro
  • R. J. W. Frost
  • V. Furman
  • S. Ganesan
  • A. R. García
  • A. Gawlik
  • I. Gheorghe
  • T. Glodariu
  • I. F. Gonçalves
  • E. González
  • A. Goverdovski
  • E. Griesmayer
  • C. Guerrero
  • K. Göbel
  • H. Harada
  • T. Heftrich
  • S. Heinitz
  • A. Hernández-Prieto
  • J. Heyse
  • D. G. Jenkins
  • E. Jericha
  • F. Käppeler
  • Y. Kadi
  • T. Katabuchi
  • P. Kavrigin
  • V. Ketlerov
  • V. Khryachkov
  • A. Kimura
  • N. Kivel
  • M. Kokkoris
  • M. Krtička
  • E. Leal-Cidoncha
  • C. Lederer
  • H. Leeb
  • J. Lerendegui
  • M. Licata
  • S. Lo Meo
  • S. J. Lonsdale
  • R. Losito
  • D. Macina
  • J. Marganiec
  • T. Martínez
  • A. Masi
  • C. Massimi
  • P. Mastinu
  • M. Mastromarco
  • F. Matteucci
  • E. A. Maugeri
  • A. Mazzone
  • E. Mendoza
  • A. Mengoni
  • P. M. Milazzo
  • F. Mingrone
  • M. Mirea
  • S. Montesano
  • A. Musumarra
  • R. Nolte
  • A. Oprea
  • F. R. Palomo-Pinto
  • C. Paradela
  • N. Patronis
  • A. Pavlik
  • J. Perkowski
  • I. Porras
  • J. Praena
  • J. M. Quesada
  • K. Rajeev
  • T. Rauscher
  • R. Reifarth
  • A. Riego-Perez
  • M. Robles
  • P. Rout
  • D. Radeck
  • C. Rubbia
  • J. A. Ryan
  • M. Sabaté-Gilarte
  • A. Saxena
  • P. Schillebeeckx
  • S. Schmidt
  • D. Schumann
  • P. Sedyshev
  • A. G. Smith
  • A. Stamatopoulos
  • S. V. Suryanarayana
  • G. Tagliente
  • J. L. Tain
  • A. Tarifeño-Saldivia
  • D. Tarrío
  • L. Tassan-Got
  • A. Tsinganis
  • S. Valenta
  • G. Vannini
  • V. Variale
  • P. Vaz
  • A. Ventura
  • V. Vlachoudis
  • R. Vlastou
  • A. Wallner
  • S. Warren
  • M. Weigand
  • C. Weiss
  • C. Wolf
  • P. J. Woods
  • T. Wright
  • P. Žugec
Open Access
Review
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Focus Point on Nuclear data for energy

Abstract.

Nuclear data in general, and neutron-induced reaction cross sections in particular, are important for a wide variety of research fields. They play a key role in the safety and criticality assessment of nuclear technology, not only for existing power reactors but also for radiation dosimetry, medical applications, the transmutation of nuclear waste, accelerator-driven systems, fuel cycle investigations and future reactor systems as in Generation IV. Applications of nuclear data are also related to research fields as the study of nuclear level densities and stellar nucleosynthesis. Simulations and calculations of nuclear technology applications largely rely on evaluated nuclear data libraries. The evaluations in these libraries are based both on experimental data and theoretical models. Experimental nuclear reaction data are compiled on a worldwide basis by the international network of Nuclear Reaction Data Centres (NRDC) in the EXFOR database. The EXFOR database forms an important link between nuclear data measurements and the evaluated data libraries. CERN's neutron time-of-flight facility n_TOF has produced a considerable amount of experimental data since it has become fully operational with the start of the scientific measurement programme in 2001. While for a long period a single measurement station (EAR1) located at 185 m from the neutron production target was available, the construction of a second beam line at 20 m (EAR2) in 2014 has substantially increased the measurement capabilities of the facility. An outline of the experimental nuclear data activities at CERN's neutron time-of-flight facility n_TOF will be presented.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • The n_TOF Collaboration
  • F. Gunsing
    • 1
    • 2
  • O. Aberle
    • 2
  • J. Andrzejewski
    • 3
  • L. Audouin
    • 4
  • V. Bécares
    • 5
  • M. Bacak
    • 6
  • J. Balibrea-Correa
    • 5
  • M. Barbagallo
    • 7
  • S. Barros
    • 8
  • F. Bečvář
    • 9
  • C. Beinrucker
    • 10
  • F. Belloni
    • 1
  • E. Berthoumieux
    • 1
  • J. Billowes
    • 11
  • D. Bosnar
    • 12
  • M. Brugger
    • 2
  • M. Caamaño
    • 13
  • F. Calviño
    • 14
  • M. Calviani
    • 2
  • D. Cano-Ott
    • 5
  • R. Cardella
    • 2
  • A. Casanovas
    • 14
  • D. M. Castelluccio
    • 15
    • 16
  • F. Cerutti
    • 2
  • Y. H. Chen
    • 4
  • E. Chiaveri
    • 2
  • N. Colonna
    • 7
  • M. A. Cortés-Giraldo
    • 17
  • G. Cortés
    • 14
  • L. Cosentino
    • 18
  • L. A. Damone
    • 7
    • 19
  • K. Deo
    • 20
  • M. Diakaki
    • 1
    • 21
  • C. Domingo-Pardo
    • 22
  • R. Dressler
    • 23
  • E. Dupont
    • 1
  • I. Durán
    • 13
  • B. Fernández-Domínguez
    • 13
  • A. Ferrari
    • 2
  • P. Ferreira
    • 8
  • P. Finocchiaro
    • 18
  • R. J. W. Frost
    • 11
  • V. Furman
    • 24
  • S. Ganesan
    • 20
  • A. R. García
    • 5
  • A. Gawlik
    • 3
  • I. Gheorghe
    • 25
  • T. Glodariu
    • 25
  • I. F. Gonçalves
    • 8
  • E. González
    • 5
  • A. Goverdovski
    • 26
  • E. Griesmayer
    • 6
  • C. Guerrero
    • 17
  • K. Göbel
    • 10
  • H. Harada
    • 27
  • T. Heftrich
    • 10
  • S. Heinitz
    • 23
  • A. Hernández-Prieto
    • 2
    • 14
  • J. Heyse
    • 28
  • D. G. Jenkins
    • 29
  • E. Jericha
    • 6
  • F. Käppeler
    • 30
  • Y. Kadi
    • 2
  • T. Katabuchi
    • 31
  • P. Kavrigin
    • 6
  • V. Ketlerov
    • 26
  • V. Khryachkov
    • 26
  • A. Kimura
    • 27
  • N. Kivel
    • 23
  • M. Kokkoris
    • 21
  • M. Krtička
    • 9
  • E. Leal-Cidoncha
    • 13
  • C. Lederer
    • 32
    • 10
  • H. Leeb
    • 6
  • J. Lerendegui
    • 17
  • M. Licata
    • 16
    • 33
  • S. Lo Meo
    • 15
    • 16
  • S. J. Lonsdale
    • 32
  • R. Losito
    • 2
  • D. Macina
    • 2
  • J. Marganiec
    • 3
  • T. Martínez
    • 5
  • A. Masi
    • 2
  • C. Massimi
    • 16
    • 33
  • P. Mastinu
    • 34
  • M. Mastromarco
    • 7
  • F. Matteucci
    • 35
    • 36
  • E. A. Maugeri
    • 23
  • A. Mazzone
    • 7
    • 37
  • E. Mendoza
    • 5
  • A. Mengoni
    • 15
  • P. M. Milazzo
    • 35
  • F. Mingrone
    • 16
  • M. Mirea
    • 25
  • S. Montesano
    • 2
  • A. Musumarra
    • 18
    • 38
  • R. Nolte
    • 39
  • A. Oprea
    • 25
  • F. R. Palomo-Pinto
    • 17
  • C. Paradela
    • 13
  • N. Patronis
    • 40
  • A. Pavlik
    • 41
  • J. Perkowski
    • 3
  • I. Porras
    • 2
    • 42
  • J. Praena
    • 17
    • 42
  • J. M. Quesada
    • 17
  • K. Rajeev
    • 20
  • T. Rauscher
    • 43
    • 44
  • R. Reifarth
    • 10
  • A. Riego-Perez
    • 14
  • M. Robles
    • 13
  • P. Rout
    • 20
  • D. Radeck
    • 39
  • C. Rubbia
    • 2
  • J. A. Ryan
    • 11
  • M. Sabaté-Gilarte
    • 2
    • 17
  • A. Saxena
    • 20
  • P. Schillebeeckx
    • 28
  • S. Schmidt
    • 10
  • D. Schumann
    • 23
  • P. Sedyshev
    • 24
  • A. G. Smith
    • 11
  • A. Stamatopoulos
    • 21
  • S. V. Suryanarayana
    • 20
  • G. Tagliente
    • 7
  • J. L. Tain
    • 22
  • A. Tarifeño-Saldivia
    • 22
  • D. Tarrío
    • 13
  • L. Tassan-Got
    • 4
  • A. Tsinganis
    • 21
  • S. Valenta
    • 9
  • G. Vannini
    • 16
    • 33
  • V. Variale
    • 7
  • P. Vaz
    • 8
  • A. Ventura
    • 16
  • V. Vlachoudis
    • 2
  • R. Vlastou
    • 21
  • A. Wallner
    • 45
  • S. Warren
    • 11
  • M. Weigand
    • 10
  • C. Weiss
    • 2
    • 6
  • C. Wolf
    • 10
  • P. J. Woods
    • 32
  • T. Wright
    • 11
  • P. Žugec
    • 2
    • 12
  1. 1.CEA SaclayIrfuGif-sur-YvetteFrance
  2. 2.European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)GenevaSwitzerland
  3. 3.University of LodzLodzPoland
  4. 4.Institut de Physique Nucléaire, CNRS-IN2P3Univ. Paris-Sud, Université Paris-SaclayOrsay CedexFrance
  5. 5.Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)MadridSpain
  6. 6.Technische Universität WienViennaAustria
  7. 7.Istituto Nazionale di Fisica NucleareSezione di BariBariItaly
  8. 8.Instituto Superior TécnicoLisbonPortugal
  9. 9.Charles UniversityPragueCzech Republic
  10. 10.Johann-Wolfgang-Goethe UniversitätFrankfurtGermany
  11. 11.University of ManchesterManchesterUK
  12. 12.University of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  13. 13.University of Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain
  14. 14.Universitat Politècnica de CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain
  15. 15.Agenzia nazionale per le nuove tecnologie (ENEA)BolognaItaly
  16. 16.Istituto Nazionale di Fisica NucleareSezione di BolognaBolognaItaly
  17. 17.Universidad de SevillaSevillaSpain
  18. 18.INFNLaboratori Nazionali del SudCataniaItaly
  19. 19.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità degli Studi di BariBariItaly
  20. 20.Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)MumbaiIndia
  21. 21.National Technical University of AthensAthensGreece
  22. 22.Instituto de Fısica CorpuscularUniversidad de ValenciaValenciaSpain
  23. 23.Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI)VillingenSwitzerland
  24. 24.Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)DubnaRussia
  25. 25.Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear EngineeringBucharestRomania
  26. 26.Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE)ObninskRussia
  27. 27.Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA)Tokai-muraJapan
  28. 28.European Commission JRCInstitute for Reference Materials and MeasurementsGeelBelgium
  29. 29.University of YorkYorkUK
  30. 30.Karlsruhe Institute of TechnologyKarlsruheGermany
  31. 31.Tokyo Institute of TechnologyTokyoJapan
  32. 32.School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghUK
  33. 33.Dipartimento di Fisica e AstronomiaUniversità di BolognaBolognaItaly
  34. 34.Istituto Nazionale di Fisica NucleareSezione di LegnaroLegnaroItaly
  35. 35.Istituto Nazionale di Fisica NucleareSezione di TriesteTriesteItaly
  36. 36.Dipartimento di AstronomiaUniversità di TriesteTriesteItaly
  37. 37.Consiglio Nazionale delle RicercheBariItaly
  38. 38.Dipartimento di Fisica e AstronomiaUniversità di CataniaCataniaItaly
  39. 39.Physikalisch Technische BundesanstaltBraunschweigGermany
  40. 40.University of IoanninaIoanninaGreece
  41. 41.Universität WienViennaAustria
  42. 42.University of GranadaGranadaSpain
  43. 43.Centre for Astrophysics ResearchUniversity of HertfordshireHertfordshireUK
  44. 44.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of BaselBaselSwitzerland
  45. 45.Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia

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