Advertisement

Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 194–202 | Cite as

Transformation of microbial cenoses in soils of light coniferous forests caused by cuttings and fires in the Lower Angara River basin

  • A. V. BogorodskayaEmail author
  • E. A. Kukavskaya
  • G. A. Ivanova
Soil Biology

Abstract

The influence of surface fires and cutting on the quantitative and functional parameters of microbial cenoses in the soils of light coniferous forests in the Lower Angara River basin was studied. In the litters of soddy-podzolic soils under pine forests, the microbial biomass was 4080–4700 μg C/g; the basal respiration was 17.00–20.32 μg C-CO2/g/h; and the qCO2, 4.17–4.33 μg C-CO2/mg Cmic/h. In the humus-accumulative horizon, these values were 880–1160 μg C/g, 2.48–4.12 μg C-CO2/g/h, and 2.83–3.55 C-CO2/mg Cmic/h, respectively. In the litter of the one-year-old felled area, the content of microbial biomass carbon was by two times lower; in the litter of burned plots, it was by 60–70% lower than in the litter of the control area. The intensity of the microbial respiration did not change proportionally to the microbial biomass content, which resulted in an imbalance between the processes of the organic matter mineralization-immobilization towards a release of CO2 as evidenced by the increase of the qCO2 values by 2–4 times. In the five-year-old felled area, at the stage of restoring the herbaceous vegetation, a tendency towards the stabilization of the destructive microbiological processes was revealed. In the felled areas, the high number of heterotrophic microorganisms, the reduced oligotrophy of the soil organic horizons, and the more intense microbiological mineralization of the organic matter were observed. The surface fires in the felled areas and forests significantly affected the structure and the number of ecological-trophic groups of microorganisms in the litters, the humus-accumulative horizons, and in the upper mineral soil layers. The maximal structural and functional disturbance in the soil microbial complex was found in the logged areas affected by fires.

Keywords

surface fires felled areas microbial biomass basal respiration number of heterotrophic microorganisms 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    N. D. Ananyeva, Microbiological Aspects of Self-Purification and Sustainability of Soils (Nauka, Moscow, 2003) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. P. Anuchin, Forest Taxation (Lesn. Promyshl., Moscow, 1982) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. M. Babintseva, V. N. Gorbachev, and N. D. Sorokin, “Ecological aspects of reforestation upon modern timber logging,” Lesovedenie, No. 5, 19–25 (1984).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. V. Bogorodskaya and N. D. Sorokin, “Microbiological diagnostics of the status of pyrogenically changed pine forests in the Lower Angara River basin,” Eur. Soil Sci. 39(10), 1136–1143 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. N. Valendik, S. V. Verkhovets, E. K. Kisilyakhov, G. A. Ivanova, A. V. Bryukhanov, I. V. Kosov, I. G. Goldammer, Technologies of Controlled Burning in Siberian Forests, ed. by E. S. Petrenko (Sib. Fed. Univ., Krasnoyarsk, 2011) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    V. N. Gorbachev, Soils of the Lower Angara Region and Eniseiskii Ridge (Nauka, Moscow, 1967) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. V. Ivanov, “Ecological consequences of mechanized logging in the southern taiga of the Krasnoyarsk region,” Lesovedenie, No. 2, 3–8 (2005).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Classification and Diagnostic System of Russian Soils, ed. by L. L. Shishov, V. D. Tonkonogov, I. I. Lebedeva, and M. I. Gerasimova (Oikumena, Smolensk, 2004) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yu. N. Krasnoshchekov, “Changes in the water-physical properties of soils in subtaiga forests of the Eastern Khentei Ridge under the impact of cutting and fires,” in Transformation of Environmental Factors by Forest Ecosystems (Krasnoyarsk, 1984), pp. 61–75 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    N. P. Kurbatskii, Study of the Content and Properties of Combustible Materials. Problems of Forest Pyrology (IliD, Krasnoyarsk, 1970) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Methods of Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry, ed. by D. G. Zvyagintsev (Izd. Mosk. Gos. Univ., Moscow, 1991) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Methods of Stationary Soil Studies (Nauka, Moscow, 1977) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    E. N. Mishustin, Associations of Soil Microorganisms (Nauka, Moscow, 1975) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. A. Moskal’chenko, Extended Abstract of Candidate’s Dissertation in Biology (Krasnoyarsk, 2009).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yu. A. Orfanitskii and V. G. Orfanitskaya, Soil Conditions in Felled Taiga Areas (Nauka, Moscow, 1971) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    E. P. Popova, “Pyrogenic transformation of soil properties in the middle reaches of the Angara River,” Sibir. Ekolog. Zh., No. 4, 413–418 (1997).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    N. D. Sorokin, Microbiological Diagnostics of the State of Forest Soils in Central Siberia (Izd. SO RAN, Novosibirsk, 2009) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Central Siberia, ed. by I. P. Gerasimov (Nauka, Moscow, 1964) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    V. N. Sukachev, S. V. Zonn, and G. P. Motovilov, Methodological Guidelines on Forest Typology (Nauka, Moscow, 1957) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    P. A. Tarasov, V. A. Ivanov, and G. A. Ivanova, “Specific features of the temperature regime of soils under pine stands of the middle taiga affected by ground fires,” Khvoinye Boreal’noi Zony, Nos. 3–4, 300–304 (2008).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. P. Titarev, Extended Abstract of Candidate’s Dissertation in Biology (Moscow, 2009).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    G. P. Toshcheva, Extended Abstract of Candidate’s Dissertation in Biology (Moscow, 1988).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    F. Achard, D. Mollicone, H.-J. Stibig, D. Aksenov, L. Laestadius, Z. Li, P. Popatov, A. Yaroshenko, “Areas of rapid forest-cover change in boreal Eurasia,” Forest Ecol. Managem. 237, 322–334 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. P. E. Anderson and K. H. Domsch, “A physiological method for the quantitative measurement of microbial biomass in soils,” Soil Biol. Biochem. 10, 314–322 (1978).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    T. H. Anderson and K. H. Domsch, “The metabolic quotient for CO2 (qCO2) as a specific activity parameter to assess the effects of environmental condition, such as, pH, on the microbial biomass of forest soil,” Soil Biol. Biochem. 25, 393–395 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    E. Baath, A. Frostegard, T. Pennanen, and H. Fritze, “Microbial community structure and pH response in relation to soil organic matter quality in wood-ash fertilized, clear-cut or burned coniferous forest soils,” Soil Biol. Biochem. 25, 229–240 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    G. Certini, “Effects of fire on properties of forest soils: a review,” Oecologia 143, 1–10 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    R. Conrad, “Soil microorganisms as controllers of atmospheric trace gases (H2, CO, CH4, OSC, N2O and NO),” Microbiol. Rev. 60, 609–640 (1996).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    M. Diaz-Ravina, A. Prieto, and E. Baath, “Bacterial activity in a forest soil heating and organic amendments measured by the thymidine and leucine incorporation techniques,” Soil Biol. Biochem. 28, 419–426 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    P. H. Dunn, S. C. Barro, and M. Poth, “Soil moisture affects survival of microorganisms in heated chaparral soil,” Soil Biol. Biochem. 17, 143–148 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    H. Fritze and J. Pietikainen, “Recovery of soil microbial biomass and activity from prescribed burning,” Can. J. Forest Res. 23, 1286–1290 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    G. Giovannini and L. Lucchesi, “Modifications induced in soil physico-chemical parameters by experimental fires at different intensities,” Soil Sci. 162, 479–489 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    D. G. Nearly, C. C. Klopatek, L. F. DeBano, and P. F. Ffolliott, “Fire effects on belowground sustainability: review and synthesis,” Forest Ecol. Managem. 122, 51–71 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    K. P. O’Neill, D. D. Richer, and E. S. Kasischke, “Succession-driven changes in soil respiration following fire in black spruce stands of interior Alaska,” Biogeochemistry 80, 1–20 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    J. Pietikainen and H. Fritze, “Clear-cutting and prescribed burning in coniferous forest: comparison of effects on soil fungal and total microbial biomass, respiration activity and nitrification,” Soil Biol. Biochem. 27, 101–109 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    F. A. Rutigliano, A. De Marco, R. D’Ascoli, S. Castaldi, A. Gentile, A. Virzo De Santo, “Impact of fire on fungal abundance and microbial efficiency in C assimilation and mineralisation in a Mediterranean maquis soil,” Biol. Fertil. Soils 44, 377–381 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    E. Thiffault, K. D. Hannam, S. A. Guideau, D. Pare, N. Belanger, S.-W. Oh, A. D. Munson, “Chemical composition of forest floor and consequences for nutrient availability after wildfire and harvesting in the boreal forest,” Plant Soil 308, 37–53 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    P. Vandergert and J. Newell, “Illegal logging in the Russian Far East and Siberia,” intern. Forestry Rev. 5, 303–306 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    C. E. Van Wagner, “The line intersect method in forest fuel sampling,” Forest Sci. 1, 20–26 (1968).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    A. Vivchar, “Wildfires in Russia in 2000–2008: estimates of burnt areas using the satellite MODIS MCD45 data,” Remote Sensing Lett., 2(1), 81–90 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    F. J. Vazguez, M. J. Acea, and T. Carhallas, “Soil microbial populations after wildfire,” Microbiol. Ecol. 13, 93–104 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    C. Wuthrich, D. Schaub, M. Weber, P. Marxer, M. Conedera, “Soil respiration and soil microbial biomass after fire in a sweet chestnut forest in southern Switzerland,” Catena 48, 201–215 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. V. Bogorodskaya
    • 1
    Email author
  • E. A. Kukavskaya
    • 1
  • G. A. Ivanova
    • 1
  1. 1.Sukachev Institute of Forest, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesKrasnoyarskRussia

Personalised recommendations