Phonon spectra and the one-phonon and two-phonon densities of states of UO2 and PuO2
The vibrational spectra of uranium dioxide UO2 and plutonium dioxide PuO2, as well as the one-phonon densities of states and thermal occupation number weighted two-phonon densities of states, have been calculated within the framework of the phenomenological rigid ion model. It has been shown that the acoustic and optical branches of the spectra are predominantly determined by vibrations of the metal and oxygen atoms, respectively, because the atomic masses of the metal and oxygen differ from each other by an order of magnitude. On this basis, the vibrational spectra can be represented in two Brillouin zones, i.e., in the Brillouin zone of the crystal and the Brillouin zone of the oxygen sublattice. In this case, the number of optical branches decreases by a factor of two. The two-phonon densities of states consist of two broad structured peaks. The temperature dependences of the upper peak exhibit a thermal broadening of the phonon lines L01 and L02 in the upper part of the optical branches. The lower peak is responsible for the thermal broadening of the lowest two optical (T02, T01) and acoustic (LA, TA) branches.
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