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On precursor of Kamchatkan volcanoes eruptions based on data from satellite monitoring

Abstract

Kamchatka is one of the most active volcanic regions on the planet. Large explosive volcanic eruptions, in which the ash elevates up to 8–15 km above sea level, occur here every 1.5 years. Study of eruptions precursors in order to reduce a volcanic risk for the population is an urgent problem of Volcanology. The available precursor of strong explosive eruptions of volcanoes, identified from satellite data (thermal anomaly), as well as examples of successful prediction of eruptions using this precursor, are represented in this paper.

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Correspondence to O. A. Girina.

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Original Russian Text © O.A. Girina, 2012, published in Vulkanologiya i Seismologiya, 2012, No. 3, pp. 14–22.

The article was translated by the author.

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Girina, O.A. On precursor of Kamchatkan volcanoes eruptions based on data from satellite monitoring. J. Volcanolog. Seismol. 6, 142–149 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0742046312030049

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S0742046312030049

Keywords

  • Advance Very High Resolution Radiometer
  • Advance Very High Resolution Radiometer
  • Thermal Anomaly
  • Explosive Eruption
  • Volcanic Tremor