Journal of International Business Studies

, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 126–146 | Cite as

Entrepreneurial career success from a Chinese perspective: conceptualization, operationalization, and validation

  • Victor P LauEmail author
  • Margaret A Shaffer
  • Kevin Au


We conducted a series of studies to conceptualize, operationalize, and validate entrepreneurial career success from a Chinese perspective. For Study 1, we defined constructs based on interpretations of Hong Kong entrepreneurs. In Study 2 (Hong Kong entrepreneurs) and Study 3 (Shanghai entrepreneurs and their employees), we developed and validated measures. Guided primarily by social identity theory, we mapped the criterion space and tested etic and emic predictors of career success.


entrepreneurship career success scale development Chinese culture 



This paper was developed from the first author's PhD thesis under the supervision of the second author. It was funded by The Hong Kong Polytechnic University and supported by a direct grant from the RGC of the Hong Kong SAR to the third author. I would like to thank our JIBS Departmental Editor, Professor Terri Scandura and the three anonymous reviewers.


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© Academy of International Business 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ManagementThe Chinese University of Hong KongHong Kong
  2. 2.The University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee, School of Business AdministrationMilwaukeeUSA

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