International Politics

, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp 189–206 | Cite as

Russian strategy in the age of Dmitry Medvedev

  • Lukáš TichýEmail author
Original Article


The aim of this article is to analyze the main characteristic features of the security culture of the Russian Federation (RF) during Medvedev’s presidency in the context of the Russian foreign and security policy in the period 2008–2012. The second aim of this paper is to demonstrate that the continuity of the main features of the Russian security culture represents a possible starting point for understanding the reasons for the current Russian military intervention in Crimea. The main features of the Russian security culture will be searched for on three levels: firstly, the level of key foreign and security strategic documents of the RF; secondly, that of the Russian position toward military interventions; and finally, that of Russia’s relations with the West.


Russian Federation Security culture West Medvedev Military interventions 


  1. Allison, R. 2013a. Russia, the West, & Military Intervention. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Allison, R. 2013b. Russia and Syria: Explaining Alignment with a Regime in Crisis. International Affairs 89(4): 795–823.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baev, P. K. 2008. Medvedev´s Foreign Policy Takes Indefinite Shape. Eurasia Daily Monitor, advance online publication 21 July,
  4. Berger, T. 1996. Norms, Identity and National Security in Germany and in Japan. In The Culture of National security: Norms and Identity in World Politics, ed. P.J. Katzenstein. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Buzan, B., O. Waever, and J. de Wilde. 1998. Security. A New Framework for Analysis. London: Lyne Rienner Publishers.Google Scholar
  6. Charap, S. 2013. Russia, Syria and the Doctrine of Intervention. Survival 55(1): 35–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cyganok, A. 2008. Uroki pjatidnevnoj vojny v Zakavkaze. Nezavisimoje vojennoje obozrenije, 29 August.Google Scholar
  8. de Haas, E. 2010. Russia’s Foreign Security Policy in the 21st Century. Putin, Medvedev and Beyond. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  9. de Haas, M. 2011. Russia’s Military Doctrine Development (2000–10). In Russian Military Politics and Russia´s 2010 Defence Doctrine, ed. S.J. Blank, 1–62. Carlisle Barracks: Strategic Studies Institute.Google Scholar
  10. Eichler, J. 2011. Bezpečnostní a strategická kultura USA, EU a ČR. Praha: Karolinum.Google Scholar
  11. Eichler, J., and L. Tichý. 2013. USA a Ruská federace. Komparace z pohledu bezpečnostní a strategické kultury. Praha: Ústav mezinárodních vztahů.Google Scholar
  12. Felgernhauer, P. 2008. A Military Reform That Does Not Seem to Satisfy Anyone, Eurasia Daily Monitor 241, advance online publication 18 December,[tt_news]=34282.
  13. Gvosdev, N.K., and R. Marsch. 2014. Russian Foreign Policy. Interests, Vectors and Sectors. London: Sage Publications Ltd.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Huntington, S. 1994. The Soldier and the State. The Theory and Politics of Civil-Military Relations, 11th ed. Cambridge: Harvard University.Google Scholar
  15. Katz, M.N. 2012. Russia and Arab Spring. George Mason University, 3 April.Google Scholar
  16. Kirchner, E. and J. Sperling (eds.). 2007. Global Security Governance: Competing Perceptions of Security in the 21st Century. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. Klein, M. 2012. Russia and the Arab Spring. Foreign and Domestic Policy Challenges. Berlin: Institute for International and Security Affairs.Google Scholar
  18. Kriendler, J. 2013. NATO–Russia Relations: Reset is not a Four-Letter Word. In Understanding NATO in the 21st Century. Alliance Strategies, Security and Global Governance, ed. P.G. Herd and J. Kriendler. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Kulhánek, J., and Fedorov, Y. 2010. Russia’s New Military Doctrine: Is the Reset Over? Europe’s World, 22 February.Google Scholar
  20. Liountri, C. 2013. Understanding Russia’s Reaction to the Arab Spring. INSIGHTS, 5 February.Google Scholar
  21. Lippman, W. 1946. Zahraniční politika a válečné cíle Spojených států. Praha: Družstevní práce.Google Scholar
  22. Lyukanov, F. 2016. Putin´s Foreign Policy. The Quest to Restore Russia´s Rightful Place. Foreign Affairs 94(May/June): 30–37.Google Scholar
  23. Makarychev, A. 2011. Russia’s “Libya Debate”. Political Meanings and Repercussions. PONARS Eurasia Memo No. 178, September.Google Scholar
  24. Magen, Z. 2013. Russia and the Middle East: Policy Challenges. Tel Aviv: Institute for National Security Studies.Google Scholar
  25. Mankoff, J. 2012. Russian Foreign Policy. The Return of Great Power Politics. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group Inc.Google Scholar
  26. Ministerstvo inostrannykh del Rossiyskoy Federatsii. 2010. Programm effektivnogo ispol’zovaniya na sistemnoy osnove vneshnepoliticheskikh faktorov v tselyakh dolgosrochnogo razvitiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii. May.Google Scholar
  27. Nichol, J. 2011. Russian Military Reform and Defense Policy, Congressional Research Service, advance online publication 24 August,
  28. Oldberg, I. 2011. Aims and Means in Russian Foreign Policy. In Russian Foreign Policy in the 21st Century, ed. K.E. Robert, 30–58. London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Pavlovsky, G. 2016. Russian Politics Under Putin. The System Will Outlast the Master. Foreign Affairs 94(May/June): 10–17.Google Scholar
  30. Prezident Rossii. 2008 Kontseptsiya Vneshney politiki Rossiyskoy Federatsii. July.Google Scholar
  31. Prezident Rossii. 2009. Dogovor o Yevropeyskoy bezopasnosti. November.Google Scholar
  32. Prezident Rossii. 2010. Voyennaya doktrina Rossiyskoy Federatsii. February.Google Scholar
  33. Savelyev, A.G. 2011. Russian Defence Doctrine. In Russian Military Politics and Russia’s 2010 Defence Doctrine, ed. S.J. Blank, 153–179. Carlisle Barracks: Strategic Studies Institute.Google Scholar
  34. Sherr, J. 2014. Russia’s Elusive Search for Soft Power. New Eastern Europe 6(2): 48–53.Google Scholar
  35. Sovet Bezopasnosti Rossiyskoy Federatsii. 2009. Strategiya natsional’noy bezopasnosti Rossiyskoy Federatsii do 2020 goda. May.Google Scholar
  36. Survey, Strategic. 2012. Russia and Eurasia, 171–198. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  37. Treisman, D. 2016. Why Putin Took Crimea. The Gambler in the Kremlin. Foreign Affairs 94(May/June): 47–54.Google Scholar
  38. Trenin, D. 2016. The Revival of the Russian Military. How Moscow Reloaded. Foreign Affairs 94(May/June): 23–29.Google Scholar
  39. Tsygankov, A.P. 2013. Russia´s Foreign Policy. Change and Continuity in National Identity. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group Inc.Google Scholar
  40. Tsygankov, A.P. 2014. Putin’s Crusade. New Eastern Europe 6(2): 55–61.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of International Relations PraguePrague 1Czech Republic

Personalised recommendations