Coffee and tea are both drunk in most countries, but typically one predominates. Coffee is the preferred drink in Europe and the Americas, tea elsewhere. Until the early eighteenth century coffee production and consumption was confined to the Islamic world, tea production to East Asia. European traders altered this pattern dramatically. The present pattern of coffee consumption is influenced by income per capita, that of tea is not. Religious influences played some part in the early development of both tea and coffee but have little relevance at the present. National factors have influenced wider patterns. British preference for tea was taken to all their colonies. In recent years fears about health have had some influence on coffee consumption.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Anon, 1993: Household Food Consumption and expenditure. Annual Report of the National Food Survey Committee. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London.
Atkins P. and Bowler I., 2001: Food in Society. Economy, Culture, Geography. Arnold, London.
Becker K., 1988: Food balance sheets. Food and Agriculture Organization Bulletin of Statistics 1: i–;x.
Bell D. and Valentine G., 1997: Consuming geographies: we are where we eat. Routledge, London.
Bennett M.K., 1954: The world's food. Harper and Brothers, New York.
Berdichevsky N., 1976: A cultural geography of coffee and tea preferences. Proceedings of the Association of American Geographers 8: 24–;29.
Blij H.J. de, 1984: Wine regions of the southern hemisphere. Rowman and Allanheld, Towota, New Jersey.
Burnett J., 2001: Liquid pleasures. A social history of drinks in modern Britain. Routledge, London.
Carr M.K.V. and Stephens W., 1992: Climate, weather and the yield of tea. In: Willson K.C. and Clifford M.N. (eds), Tea. Cultivation to Consumption, pp. 87–;135. Chapman and Hall, London.
Cépède M. and Lengelle M., 1961: Economie alimentaire du globe: essai d'interpretation. Editions M-th. Géhin, Paris.
Debry G., 1994: Coffee and health. John Libby Eurotext, Paris.
Eden T., 1965: Tea. Longmans, London.
Economist Intelligence Unit, 1959: Oxford Economic Atlas of the world. 2nd Edition. Oxford University Press, London.
Encyclopaedia Britannica (1910–;11), 11th edition. Vol vi. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Encyclopaedia Britannica 1929, 14th edition. Vol 5. The Encyclopaedia Britannica Company Limited, London.
The New Encyclopaedia Britannica 1985a, Macropaedia, 15th edition. Vol 14. Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc., Chicago.
The New Encyclopaedia Britannica 1985b, Micropaedia, 15th edition. Vol 7.
Food and Agriculture Organization, 1974: Production Year Book 1973. Vol. 27, Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.
Food and Agriculture Organization, 1994: Production Year Book 1993. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.
Food and Agriculture Organization, 2001: FAO Statistical Databases http://apps.fao.org./
Goodman, J., 1991: Excitantia. Or how enlightenment Europe took to soft drugs. In: Goodman J., Lovejoy P.E. and Sherratt A. (eds), Consuming habits. Drugs in history and anthropology, pp. 126–;147. Routledge, London.
Grigg D., 1995: The geography of food consumption. Progress in Human Geography 19: 336–;354.
Grigg D., 2001: Food imports, food exports and their role in national food consumption. Geography 86: 171–;176.
Haroutunian A., 1985: North African Cookery. Century Publishing, London.
Hobhouse H., 1985: Seeds of Change. Five plants that transformed mankind. Sidgwick and Jackson, London.
Ibbetson A.(n.d): Tea from grower to consumer. Sir Isaac Pitman, London.
James P., 1959: Latin America. 3rd edition. Cassell, London.
Kariel H.G., 1966: A proposed classification of diet. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 56: 68–;79.
Kolpas N., 1979: Coffee. John Murray, London.
Krug C.A. and Poerck P.A. 1968: World Coffee Survey. FAO Agricultural Studies No 46. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.
League of Nations, 1927: International Statistical Year Book 1926. League of Nations, Geneva.
Lewis B., 1963: Istanbul and the civilisation of the Ottoman Empire. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.
Mannion A.M., 1999: Agriculture and environmental change. Temporal and spatial dimensions. John Wiley, London.
Marshall C.F., 1983: The world coffee trade: a guide to the production, trading and consumption of coffee. Woodhead-Faulkner, Cambridge.
Needham J., 2000: Science and civilisation in China Vol. 6 Biology and biological technology. Part V: Fermentations and Food Science. By Huang, H.T., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Pratt T.K and Rutt R., 1999: Korea. A historical and cultural dictionary. Curzon, London.
Productschap voor gedistillerde dranken, 1998: World Drink Trends 1998. International Beverage Consumption and Production Trends. NT Publications, Henley on Thames.
Purcell V., 1951: The Chinese in South East Asia. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Ritson C., 1991: The consumption revolution. In: Fifty Years of the National Food Survey. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Foods, London, pp. 35–;46
Rozin P. and Cires B.M. 1982: Ethnic differences in coffee use and attitude to coffee. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 12: 79–;88.
Sarkar G.K., 1972: The world tea economy. Oxford University Press, Delhi.
Sasaki S. and Kesteloot H. 1992: Value of food and agriculture organization data on food balance sheets as a data source for dietary fat intake in epidemiologic studies. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 56, 716–;723.
Schivelbusch W. 1993: Tastes of Paradise. A social history of spices, stimulants and intoxicants. Vintage Books, New York.
Simoons F.J., 1961: Eat not this flesh. Food avoidance in the old world. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin.
Simoons F.J., 1990 Food in China: a cultural and historical inquiry. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
Smith J.R., Phillips M.O. and Smith T.R., 1955: Industrial and commercial geography. 4th edition. Henry Holt, New York.
Smith R.E.F. and Christian D., 1984: Bread and Salt: a social and economic history of food and drink in Russia. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Smith S.D., 1996: Accounting for taste: British coffee consumption in historical perspective. Journal of Interdisciplinary History 27: 183–;214.
Stamp L.D., 1927: An intermediate commercial geography. pt. 1. Commodities of world trade. Longmans Green and Co., London.
Stewart N.R., 1960: Tea — a new agricultural industry for Argentina. Economic Geography 36: 267–;276.
Topik S.C., 2000: Coffee. In: Kiple K.F. and Ornelas K.C. (eds), The Cambridge World History of Food, Vol. 1, pp. 641–;653. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Unwin T., 1991: Wine and the vine: an historical geography of viticulture and the wine trade. Routledge, London.
Walsh L.S., 1992: Consumer behaviour, diet and the standard of living in late colonial and early Antebellum America 1770–;1840. In: Gallway R.E. and Wallis J.J. (eds), American Economic Growth and Standards of Living before the Civil War, pp. 217–;264. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Walvin J. 1997: Fruits of Empire. Exotic produce and British taste 1660–;1880. Macmillan, London.
Weinberg B.A. and Bealer B.K. 2001: The world of caffeine. The science and culture of the world's most popular drug. Routledge, London.
Weisberger J.H. and Comer J. 2000: Tea. In: Kiple K.F. and Ornelas K.C. (eds.) The Cambridge World History of Food, Vol 1, pp. 712–;720. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Woodward N.H., 1980: Teas of the world. Collier, New York.
Willson K.C., 1999: Coffee, Cocoa and Tea. CABI Publishing, Wallingford.
World Bank, 1990: World Development Report 1990. Oxford University Press, New York.
World Bank, 1997: World Development Report 1997. Oxford University Press, New York.
About this article
Cite this article
Grigg, D. The worlds of tea and coffee: Patterns of consumption. GeoJournal 57, 283–294 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1023/B:GEJO.0000007249.91153.c3
- income per capita