, 31:205 | Cite as

Modulation by extracellular matrices of monooxygenase and CYP1A1 induction in Hep G2 cells in serum-free culture

  • Akihiko Nakama


The in vitro cellular functions of differentiated cells are influenced by culture conditions. Effects of several extracellular matrices (ECMs) on cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenases (MFOs) induction and cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) gene expression were estimated in Hep G2 cells cultured in a serum-free medium. The cells were cultured on collagen type I- and II-, fibronectin-, and matrigel-coated dishes and MFO activities were induced by the addition of 3-methylcholanthrene (MC). The induction of ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase (ECOD) and alkoxyresorufin O-dealkylase activities as well as the expression of CYP1A1 mRNA were also determined. ECOD and methoxy- and ethoxyresorufin O-dealkylase activities in Hep G2 cells were enhanced by culturing the cells using a serum-free medium on fibronectin- or matrigel-coated dishes. ECOD activity on fibronectin-coated dishes was about 3-fold higher than that using a serum-supplemented medium on untreated dishes. Furthermore, both immobilized and soluble fibronectin enhanced the induction of MFOs. The expression of CYP1A1 mRNA using fibronectin-coated dishes was about 2-fold higher than that using a serum-supplemented medium on untreated dishes. These findings suggest that the gene expression in cultured cells is greatly influenced by ECMs. By using fibronectin-coated dishes to cell culture in a serum-free medium, reproducible and highly sensitive results can be obtained in experiments using cultured cells.

cytochrome P4501A1 extracellular matrices fibronectin Hep G2 mixed-function monooxygenase serum-free culture 


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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

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  • Akihiko Nakama

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