India has yet to achieve elementary education for all children. Among the centrally sponsored initiatives to improve education are Operation Blackboard, to provide sufficient teachers and buildings, Minimum Levels of Learning, which set achievement targets, and the Special Orientation Programme for Primary School Teachers (SOPT). This article focuses on the last of these and describes the new technology used to train teachers so that the losses in transmission inherent in the cascade model are avoided. Interactive Video Technology involving the Indira Gandhi Open University and the Indian Space Research Organisation was used experimentally in seven-day training courses for primary school teachers in 20 centres in Karnataka State, providing one-way video transmissions and telephone feedback to experts from the centres. The responses from teachers and their trainers indicate considerable potential for the exploitation of new technology where large numbers of teachers require training.
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Maheshwari, A.N., Raina, V.K. Inservice Training of Primary Teachers Through Interactive Video Technology: An Indian Experience. International Review of Education 44, 87–101 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1003103813259
- Research Organisation
- Space Research
- Special Orientation
- Considerable Potential
- Inservice Training