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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 32, Issue 15, pp 4167–4173 | Cite as

Dissipation of energy by bulletproof aramid fabric

  • S Bazhenov
Article

Abstract

The bullet resistance of laminates comprised of several layers of aramid Armos fabric has been studied. The high bullet resistance of the fabric is caused by the pulling-out of yarns impacted by the bullet. The pull-out zone is cross-shaped, the centre being the impact point. The length and the width of the pull-out zone was determined for each fabric layer. Energy transferred to fibres increases with the volume of the pull-out zone. Water reduces the bullet resistance of laminates owing to reduction of the width of the zone. The length of the pull-out zone is shorter if the transverse displacement of layers is restricted. At a projectile velocity of 420 m s-1, Armos yarns do not break immediately on impact, and the longitudinal wave propagates along the fibre. Friction of yarns in aramid fabric was studied by a yarn pull-out method.

Keywords

Fabric Layer Impact Point Weft Yarn Warp Yarn Weft Direction 

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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • S Bazhenov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Chemical PhysicsMoscowRussia

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