Skip to main content

“La Toilette”. When a doctor becomes a painter: Frederic Bazille



To find endocrinological disturbances in impressionism.

Patients and methods

Analysis of “La Toilette” painting of Frederice Bazille.


We present a masterpiece work of Frederic Bazille “La Toilette” where a large goiter is visible. Short description of Bazille’s life and painting is included.


Despite of unique painting technique, thyroid disorders are visible even in impressionism.

Jean Frederic Bazille (1841–1870) was born in Montpellier and grew up in a wealthy, middle class family. His father was a prominent wine dealer. Due to a number of father’s connections, young Frederic met an art collector Alfred Bruyas. During this closer relationship, he could admire paintings of, e.g., Delacroix and Corot. First as a spectator, later as a young artist his painting adventure slowly started.

In 1859, Bazille started medical study in Montpellier and since 1862 continued it in Paris. A contact with impressionists as Monet, Renoir and Sisley made him more painter than doctor. He was also known as a great benefactor because of his material support for his friends (especially Monet). In 1864, he finished medical study, but he never worked as a doctor. He died at age of 29 years in Franco-German war [1].

“La toillete” oil on canvas was finished in 1870 just before Bazille’s death (Fig. 1). It presents a French art model Lise Trehot, but for us more interesting is a mysterious woman on the right side. We see clearly large, smooth goiter. No eye signs, but slim woman’s stature does not help with differentiation between simple goiter and Graves’ disease. Historically, goiter seems to be “older” disease (i.e., paintings of Flemish or Italian Renaissance painters) but this question will be unanswered [2, 3].

Fig. 1

La Toilette (December 1869–March 1870), by Frederic Bazille, oil on canvas 153 × 148.5 cm [Musee Fabre, Montpellier, France]. Please note large goiter on first right lady

According to Encyclopaedia Brittanica, Bazille was an unenthusiastic medical student. I strongly deny this opinion when I see such perfect thyroid. I hope every student have Bazille’s perception [4].


  1. 1.

    Jourdan A (1992) Frédéric Bazille: prophet of impressionism. Publisher: Brooklyn Museum Bookshop; First edition (November 1, 1992)

  2. 2.

    Lazzeri D, Pozzilli P, Zhang YX, Persichetti P (2015) Goiter in paintings by Rogier van der Weyden (1399–1464). Thyroid 25(5):559–562

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Sterpetti AV, Fiori E, de Cesare A (2016) Goiter in the Art of Renaissance Europe. Am J Med. 129(8):892–895

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Encyclopaedia Brittanica. Accessed 07 Mar 2019

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to L. Obolonczyk.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all the authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This paper does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

No informed consent.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Obolonczyk, L., Berendt-Obolonczyk, M. & Sworczak, K. “La Toilette”. When a doctor becomes a painter: Frederic Bazille. J Endocrinol Invest 42, 1255–1256 (2019).

Download citation


  • Frederic Bazille
  • Endocrinology
  • Painting