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Tribological performance and scuffing behaviors of several automobile piston rings mating with chrome-plated cylinder liner

Abstract

The friction and wear properties, as well as the scuffing resistance, of different piston-ring coatings mating with a chrome-plated cylinder liner were investigated. Interrupted wear tests under the lubricant starvation condition were conducted to examine the wear behavior of Cr-diamond coating (GDC) and diamond-like coating (DLC). The results indicated that the DLC coating had outstanding tribological properties (small coefficient of friction and wear loss) at 150 °C, while the GDC coating exhibited better performance at an elevated temperature (240 °C). The DLC coating had a better scuffing resistance; no material adhesion occurred for 70 min under the unlubricated condition. The interrupted wear behaviors revealed that the scuffing process of the GDC coating involved the consumption of lubricant oil with relatively stable wear, a reduction in the friction force, and the occurrence of scuffing, in sequence. In contrast, although the friction force also increased after a short period of weak friction, no scuffing was observed. This is attributed to the formation of a mixed oxide and graphitic C tribolayer.

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Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Liaoning Province (2019-ZD-0165 and 2020-HYLH-47), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2020M670729), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51979018).

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Correspondence to Ruoxuan Huang or Jiujun Xu.

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Zeyu MA. He received his B.S. and M.S. degrees from Anhui University of Technology (China, 2017) and Dalian Maritime University (China, 2021), respectively. He is currently a Ph.D. student at the School of Mechanical Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, China. His current research is tribological properties of the surface modified piston rings under high intensified conditions.

Ruoxuan HUANG. He received his B.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Tianjin University (China, 2007) and Nanyang Technological University (Singapore, 2016), respectively. He is working as an associate professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian Maritime University. His research interests cover the tribology in internal combustion engine and associated friction-reduction and anti-wear method. He has published 25 peer-reviewed papers indexed by SCI and obtained 4 licensed invention patents.

Xiaoshuai YUAN. She received her B.S. and M.S. degrees from Dalian Maritime University in 2010 and 2013, respectively. She is working at the China North Engine Research Institute. Her research interest is friction and wear in the piston ring-cylinder liner system.

Yan SHEN. He received his B.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Dalian Maritime University in 2003 and 2014, respectively. He is currently an associate professor at Dalian Maritime University. His research interests cover tribological design of diesel engine components, microtextured surface preparation and performance evaluation, and self-lubricating composites.

Jiujun XU. He received his B.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Dalian University of Technology (China, 1989) and Dalian Maritime University (China, 1996), respectively. He is working as a professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian Maritime University. His research interests include the development of tribotest techniques for study tribology processes, especially for the key friction pairs in internal combustion engines. He has been awarded many prizes, including the second prize of the National Science and Technology Progress of China, the first prize of the National Defense Science and Technology Progress of China, and the first prize of the Science and Technology Progress of Liaoning province, etc. He has published over 70 peer-reviewed papers indexed by SCI and obtained more than 15 licensed invention patents. He recently wrote a book entitled Tribology in piston ring-cylinder liner system of diesel engine. It builds a bridge between the essential tribological findings and the engineering design, especially for the diesel engine used piston ring-cylinder liner system.

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Ma, Z., Huang, R., Yuan, X. et al. Tribological performance and scuffing behaviors of several automobile piston rings mating with chrome-plated cylinder liner. Friction 10, 1245–1257 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40544-021-0530-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40544-021-0530-4

Keywords

  • chrome-plated
  • cylinder liner
  • piston ring
  • scuffing
  • Cr-diamond coating (GDC)
  • diamond-like coating (DLC)