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Friction and wear behavior of carbon fiber reinforced lithium aluminosilicate composites sliding against GCr15 steel

  • Haibao Ma
  • Xin Wu
  • Long XiaEmail author
  • Longnan Huang
  • Li Xiong
  • Hua Yang
  • Bo Zhong
  • Tao Zhang
  • Zhiwei Yang
  • Feng Gao
  • Guangwu Wen
Open Access
Research Article


Carbon fibers reinforced lithium aluminosilicate matrix composites (Cf/LAS) were prepared by slurry infiltration combined with a hot press procedure. The friction, wear behavior, and wear mechanisms of Cf/LAS composites under dry sliding conditions were investigated. The results show that the coefficient of friction (COF) initially increased with the increase in carbon fiber content, and reached the maximum value of 0.20 for the 33%Cf/LAS composite. The COF increased sharply with increasing sample temperature from RT to 300 °C. The COF remained stable in the temperature range of 300–500 °C. The two wear mechanisms of LAS glassceramics are fatigue wear and abrasive wear. The Cf/LAS composites demonstrate slight spalling and shallow scratches. These results show that carbon fibers improve the mechanical properties and wear resistance of Cf/LAS composites.


unlubricated friction ceramics composites carbon fiber materials long fibers wear mechanisms 

List of symbols

$$V = \frac{1}{{2\pi Rn}} \times \frac{1}{f} \times \frac{w}{\rho }$$

Normal load


Wear rate


Distance between the specimen center and rotating disc center (namely friction radius 3 mm)


Number of rotations of the disc


Weight loss of specimens during friction process

Density of the tested specimens
$${\sigma _H} = \sqrt {\frac{{{F_n}\left( {\frac{1}{{{\rho _1}}} \times \frac{1}{{{\rho _2}}}} \right)}}{{\pi L\left( {\frac{{1 - \mu _1^2}}{{{E_1}}} + \frac{{1 - \mu _2^2}}{{{E_2}}}} \right)}}}$$

(MPa) Contact stress


Normal stress


Contact line length

π12 (mm)

Radius of curvature of the two contact materials at the contact point


+ is used for external contact, - for internal contact


Poisson’s ratio of the two contact materials

E1, E2(MPa)

Elastic modulus of the two contact materials



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51621091, 51872058, 51772060, and 51972078) and Key Laboratory of Advanced Structural-Functional Integration Materials & Green Manufacturing Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, China.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Haibao Ma
    • 1
  • Xin Wu
    • 1
  • Long Xia
    • 1
    Email author
  • Longnan Huang
    • 1
  • Li Xiong
    • 1
  • Hua Yang
    • 2
  • Bo Zhong
    • 1
  • Tao Zhang
    • 1
  • Zhiwei Yang
    • 1
  • Feng Gao
    • 1
  • Guangwu Wen
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringHarbin Institute of Technology at WeihaiWeihaiChina
  2. 2.School of ScienceLanzhou University of TechnologyLanzhouChina
  3. 3.School of Materials Science and EngineeringShandong University of TechnologyZiboChina

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