Advertisement

Correction to: The prevalence and health burden of malnutrition in Belgian older people in the community or residing in nursing homes: results of the NutriAction II study

  • Maurits F. J. Vandewoude
  • Janneke P. van Wijngaarden
  • Lieven De Maesschalck
  • Yvette C. Luiking
  • André Van Gossum
Correction
  • 82 Downloads

Correction to: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40520-018-0957-2

In the original publication, table row alignment was incorrectly formatted for all the tables. The corrected Tables 1, 2, 3 and 4 are given below.

Table 1

Characteristics of the nursing home and community dwelling study populations

Parameter

Nursing home (n = 2480)

Community dwelling (n = 819)

p value

Age (years) mean ± SD

86.3 ± 6.2

82.7 ± 6.1

< 0.001

Sex (% male/female)

22/78

32/68

< 0.001

Presence of comorbidities

 Cancer

171 (7%)

87 (11%)

0.001

 Chronic heart failure

285 (12%)

113 (14%)

0.079

 COPD

141 (6%)

50 (6%)

0.656

 Dementia

1074 (43%)

113 (14%)

< 0.001

 Depression

367 (15%)

47 (6%)

< 0.001

 Diabetes

440 (18%)

163 (20%)

0.165

 Fractures

313 (13%)

63 (8%)

< 0.001

 Parkinson

140 (6%)

37 (5%)

0.214

 Rheumatoid arthritis

122 (5%)

116(14%)

< 0.001

 Stroke

284 (12%)

59 (7%)

0.001

Number of comorbidities mean ± SD

1.5 ± 1.1

1.1 ± 0.98

< 0.001

 0

407 (16%)

208 (25%)

 

 1

1035 (42%)

391 (48%)

 

 2

647 (26%)

147 (18%)

 

 3

282 (11%)

55 (7%)

 

 4

85 (3%)

10 (1%)

 

 5

18 (0.7%)

7 (0.9%)

 

 6

6 (0.2%)

1 (0.1%)

 

BMI (kg/m2) ± SD

24.3 ± 5.4

26.3 ± 5.3

< 0.001

Nutritional status (MNA-SF)

< 0.001

 % malnourished

336 (14%)

56 (7%)

 

 % at risk of malnutrition

1214 (49%)

241 (29%)

 

 % normal

907 (37%)

519 (63%)

 

Weight loss last 3 months

< 0.001

 No weight loss

1541 (62%)

601 (73%)

 

 1–3 kg

474 (19%)

88 (11%)

 

 3–6 kg

143 (6%)

37 (5%)

 

 > 6 kg

47 (2%)

28 (3%)

 

 Unknown

275 (11%)

65 (8%)

 

Use of ONS

204 (8%)

14 (2%)

< 0.001

Being able to climb stairs

391 (16%)

268 (33%)

< 0.001

Being able to walk outside for 5 min

853 (34%)

425 (52%)

< 0.001

Katz ADL score

< 0.001

 Cat O

460 (19%)

228 (28%)

 

 Cat A

346 (14%)

214 (26%)

 

 Cat B

242 (10%)

188 (23%)

 

 Cat C

327 (13%)

129 (16%)

 

 Cat D (D = demented)

242 (10%)

5 (0.6%)

 

 Cat C_D (fully dependent)

863 (35%)

55 (7%)

 

Data are presented as n (%), except for age, sex, number of comorbidities, and BMI. Participants had no more than 6 comorbidities. Nutritional status was missing in n = 26 (CD: n = 3, NH: n = 23)

ADL activities of daily living, BMI body mass index, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, MNA-SF mini nutritional assessment—short form, ONS oral nutritional supplement

Table 2

Characteristics of community dwelling study population (n = 819), by nutritional status (based on MNA-SF)

Parameter

Malnourished (n = 56, 7%)

At risk of malnutrition (n = 241, 29%)

Normal nutritional status (n = 519, 63%)

p value

Age (years) mean ± SD

83.0 ± 6.0

83.4 ± 6.0

82.3 ± 6.1

0.063

Sex (% male/female)

32/68

29/71

34/66

0.376

Number of comorbidities mean ± SD

1.4 ± 0.9

1.4 ± 1.0

1.0 ± 0.9

< 0.001

BMI (kg/m2) mean ± SD

20.2 ± 3.5

24.4 ± 5.1

27.9 ± 4.8

< 0.001

Weight loss last 3 months

< 0.001

 No weight loss

3 (5%)

119 (49%)

476 (92%)

 

 1–3 kg

9 (16%)

47 (20%)

32 (6%)

 

 3–6 kg

18 (32%)

19 (8%)

0

 

 > 6 kg

15 (27%)

13 (5%)

0

 

 Unknown

11 (20%)

43 (18%)

11 (2%)

 

Use of ONS

4 (7%)

8(3%)

2 (0.4%)

< 0.001

Being able to climb stairs

10 (18%)

49 (20%)

208 (40%)

< 0.001

Being able to walk outside for 5 min

19 (34%)

97 (40%)

306 (59%)

< 0.001

Katz ADL score

< 0.001

 Cat O

6 (11%)

36 (15%)

186 (36%)

 

 Cat A

11 (20%)

50 (21%)

153 (30%)

 

 Cat B

14 (25%)

71 (30%)

101 (20%)

 

 Cat C

13 (23%)

53 (22%)

63 (12%)

 

 Cat D (D = demented)

0

1 (0.4%)

4 (1%)

 

 Cat C_D (fully dependent)

12 (21%)

30 (12%)

12 (2%)

 

Data are presented as n (%), except for age, sex, number of comorbidities, and BMI. Nutritional status was missing in n = 3; results may therefore not add up to 100%

ADL activities of daily living, BMI body mass index, MNA-SF mini nutritional assessment—short form, ONS oral nutritional supplement

Table 3

Characteristics of the nursing home study population (n = 2480), by nutritional status (based on MNA-SF)

Parameter

Malnourished (n = 336, 14%)

At risk of malnutrition (n = 1214, 49%)

Normal nutritional status (n = 907, 37%)

p value

Age (years) mean ± SD

86.7 ± 6.4

86.7 ± 6.2

85.6 ± 6.2

< 0.001

Sex (% male/female)

22/78

20/80

23/77

0.258

Number of comorbidities mean ± SD

1.9 ± 1.2

1.6 ± 1.1

1.1 ± 1.0

< 0.001

BMI (kg/m2) ± SD

19.7 (3.9)

23.2 (4.8)

27.4 (4.7)

< 0.001

Weight loss last 3 months

< 0.001

 No weight loss

34 (10%)

679 (56%)

817 (90%)

 

 1–3 kg

85 (25%)

307 (25%)

77 (9%)

 

 3–6 kg

101 (30%)

39 (3%)

0

 

 > 6 kg

39 (12%)

8 (1%)

0

 

 Unknown

77 (23%)

181 (15%)

13 (1%)

 

Use of ONS

73 (22%)

111 (9%)

19 (2%)

< 0.001

Being able to climb stairs

10 (3%)

130 (11%)

246 (27%)

< 0.001

Being able to walk outside for 5 min

36 (11%)

310 (26%)

496 (55%)

< 0.001

Katz ADL score

< 0.001

 Cat O

13 (4%)

133 (11%)

312 (34%)

 

 Cat A

13 (4%)

113 (9%)

219 (24%)

 

 Cat B

31 (9%)

126 (10%)

85 (9%)

 

 Cat C

58 (17%)

175 (14%)

92 (10%)

 

 Cat D (D = demented)

15 (5%)

112 (9%)

109 (12%)

 

 Cat C_D (fully dependent)

206 (61%)

555 (46%)

90 (10%)

 

Data are presented as n (%), except for age, sex, number of comorbidities, and BMI. Nutritional status is missing in n = 23; results may therefore not add up to 100%

ADL activities of daily living, BMI body mass index, MNA-SF mini nutritional assessment—short form, ONS oral nutritional supplement

Table 4

Nutritional status determined with MNA-SF of community dwelling older adults and nursing home residents, by their comorbidities

 

Malnourished

At risk of malnutrition

Normal nutritional status

Community dwelling (n = 816)

n = 56 (7%)

n = 241 (29%)

n = 519 (63%)

 Presence of comorbidities

  Cancer (n = 87)

8 (9%)

33 (38%)

46 (53%)

  Chronic heart failure (n = 113)

6 (5%)

41 (36%)

66 (58%)

  COPD (n = 50)

8 (16%)

16 (32%)

26 (52%)

  Dementia (n = 110)

16 (15%)

59 (54%)

35 (32%)

  Depression (n = 44)

8 (18%)

22 (50%)

14 (32%)

  Diabetes (n = 162)

5 (3%)

44 (27%)

113 (70%)

  Fractures (n = 62)

4 (7%)

24 (39%)

34 (55%)

  Parkinson (n = 37)

3 (8%)

18 (49%)

16 (43%)

  Rheumatoid arthritis (n = 116)

5 (4%)

40 (35%)

71 (61%)

  Stroke (n = 59)

4 (7%)

18 (31%)

37 (63%)

Nursing home (n = 2457)

n = 336 (14%)

n = 1214 (49%)

n = 907 (37%)

 Presence of comorbidities

  Cancer (n = 169)

28 (17%)

74 (44%)

67 (40%)

  Chronic heart failure (n = 282)

32 (11%)

150 (53%)

100 (36%)

  COPD (n = 141)

25 (18%)

67 (48%)

49 (35%)

  Dementia (n = 1051)

212 (20%)

649 (62%)

190 (18%)

  Depression (n = 344)

81 (24%)

192 (56%)

71 (21%)

  Diabetes (n = 437)

49 (11%)

208 (47%)

180 (41%)

  Fractures (n = 310)

58 (19%)

146 (47%)

106 (34%)

  Parkinson (n = 139)

29 (21%)

71 (51%)

39 (28%)

  Rheumatoid arthritis (n = 122)

20 (16%)

59 (48%)

43 (35%)

  Stroke (n = 284)

38 (13%)

147 (52%)

99 (35%)

Data are presented as n (%). Data represent nutritional status categorized per comorbidity (row percentage). The list of scored comorbidities was longer, reported comorbidities represent comorbidities with prevalence > 5%. Numbers do not add up because comorbidities overlap (column totals)

COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maurits F. J. Vandewoude
    • 1
  • Janneke P. van Wijngaarden
    • 2
  • Lieven De Maesschalck
    • 3
  • Yvette C. Luiking
    • 2
  • André Van Gossum
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Geriatrics (ZNA)University of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium
  2. 2.Nutricia Research, Nutricia Advanced Medical NutritionUtrechtThe Netherlands
  3. 3.MobilabThomas More University CollegeGeelBelgium
  4. 4.Nutrition Support Team, Department of Gastroenterology, Hôpital ErasmeULBBrusselsBelgium

Personalised recommendations