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Reaction products of Sm2Zr2O7 with calcium-magnesium-aluminum-silicate (CMAS) and their evolution


During flight, many silicates (sand, dust, debris, fly ash, etc.) are ingested by an engine. They melt at high operating temperatures on the surface of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) to form calcium-magnesium-aluminum-silicate (CMAS) amorphous settling. CMAS corrodes TBCs and causes many problems, such as composition segregation, degradation, cracking, and disbanding. As a new generation of TBC candidate materials, rare-earth zirconates (such as Sm2Zr2O7) have good CMAS resistance properties. The reaction products of Sm2Zr2O7 and CMAS and their subsequent changes were studied by the reaction of Sm2Zr2O7 and excess CMAS at 1350 °C. After 1 h of reaction, Sm2Zr2O7 powders were not completely corroded. The reaction products were Sm-apatite and c-ZrO2 solid solution. After 4 h of reaction, all Sm2Zr2O7 powders were completely corroded. After 24 h of reaction, Sm-apatite disappeared, and the c-ZrO2 solid solution remained.


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This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 5177020526).

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Correspondence to Ling Liu.

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Wang, Y., Ma, Z., Liu, L. et al. Reaction products of Sm2Zr2O7 with calcium-magnesium-aluminum-silicate (CMAS) and their evolution. J Adv Ceram 10, 1389–1397 (2021).

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  • Sm2Zr2O7 ceramic
  • calcium-magnesium-aluminum-silicate (CMAS)
  • reaction product
  • corrosion