Journal of Advanced Ceramics

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 120–128 | Cite as

Effect of texture microstructure on tribological properties of tailored Ti3AlC2 ceramic

  • Ludi Xu
  • Degui Zhu
  • Salvatore Grasso
  • Tohru S. Suzuki
  • Akira Kasahara
  • Masahiro Tosa
  • Byung-nam Kim
  • Yoshio Sakka
  • Minhao Zhu
  • Chunfeng Hu
Open Access
Research Article


Tribological property of c-axis textured shell-like Ti3AlC2 ceramic was investigated using reciprocating sliding balls (SUS304) under loads of 1, 5, and 9 N. It was found that the textured top surface (TTS), corresponding to the (000l) plane, shows the lowest mean coefficient of friction in comparison with those measured on the textured side surface (TSS), where the sliding directions are parallel (TSS-1) and perpendicular (TSS-2) to c axis, under the same load. Among all the tested orientations, the TSS-2 exhibited the lowest wear rate of 1.51×10−3 mm3/(N·m) under the load of 9 N. The worn mechanisms on the TTS and TSS-1 were delamination, grain fracture, and grain spalling-off. On the TSS-2, plowing effect against balls was the dominating mechanism. This work suggests the criteria to maximize the wear resistance in the load range of 1–9 N.


tailored Ti3AlC2 mean coefficient of friction wear rate worn mechanisms 



This work is supported by “ChuYing” Program of Southwest Jiaotong University and Thousand Talents Program of Sichuan Province. Also, we thank for the supports of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. U1232136 and 91226202), Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research B (No. 23350104) from Japan Society for the Promotion Science, the Fundamental Research Program of Korean Institute of Materials Science (KIMS), and UK EPSRC Material Systems for Extreme Environments Programme Grant (EP/K008749/1, XMat).


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© The Author(s) 2017

Open Access The articles published in this journal are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ludi Xu
    • 1
  • Degui Zhu
    • 1
  • Salvatore Grasso
    • 2
  • Tohru S. Suzuki
    • 3
  • Akira Kasahara
    • 3
  • Masahiro Tosa
    • 3
  • Byung-nam Kim
    • 3
  • Yoshio Sakka
    • 3
  • Minhao Zhu
    • 1
  • Chunfeng Hu
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials, Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and EngineeringSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.School of Engineering and Material ScienceQueen Mary University of LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.National Institute for Materials ScienceTsukuba, IbarakiJapan

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