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Dysphagia assessed by the 10-item eating assessment tool is associated with nutritional status and activities of daily living in elderly individuals requiring long-term care

Abstract

Objectives

The 10-item Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) is a self-administered questionnaire for dysphagia screening, with each item scored from 0 to 4. We assessed the associations among the EAT- 10 score, nutritional status and activities of daily living (ADL) in elderly individuals requiring long-term care.

Design

Cross-sectional study.

Setting

Geriatric health services facilities, acute hospitals, and the community.

Participants

Elderly individuals ≥65 years of age with dysphagia or possible dysphagia (N=237).

Measurements

The EAT-10, the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF) and the Barthel Index.

Results

There were 90 males and 147 females. Mean age was 82 ± 8 years. Eighty-nine were in geriatric health services facilities, 28 were in acute hospitals, and 120 were community-dwelling. The median Barthel Index score was 55 (interquartile range: 25, 80). The median EAT-10 score was 1 (interquartile range: 0, 9), and 101 respondents a score > 3, indicating the presence of dysphagia. The MNA-SF revealed that 81 were malnourished, 117 were at risk of malnutrition, and 39 had a normal nutritional status. The Barthel Index score and MNA-SF score were significantly lower in those with an EAT-10 score between 3 and 40, compared to those with an EAT-10 score between 0 and 2. The EAT-10 has an independent effect on the Barthel Index and the MNA-SF by adjusting for covariates such as age, gender, and setting in multiple regression analysis.

Conclusions

Dysphagia assessed by the EAT-10 is associated with nutritional status and ADL in elderly individuals requiring long-term care.

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Correspondence to Hidetaka Wakabayashi.

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Wakabayashi, H., Matsushima, M. Dysphagia assessed by the 10-item eating assessment tool is associated with nutritional status and activities of daily living in elderly individuals requiring long-term care. J Nutr Health Aging 20, 22–27 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12603-016-0671-8

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12603-016-0671-8

Keywords

  • Deglutition disorders
  • malnutrition
  • sarcopenia
  • frailty
  • sarcopenic dysphagia