Advertisement

Food Security

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 689–700 | Cite as

Building bridges and deconstructing pathways in agriculture, nutrition and health

5th Annual Feed the Future Nutrition Innovation Lab Scientific Symposium & 2nd Annual Agriculture, Nutrition & Health (ANH) Academy Week Kathmandu, 9–13 July, 2017
  • Joe YatesEmail author
  • Swetha Manohar
  • Shiva Bhandari
  • Zachary Gersten
  • Sofia Kalamatianou
  • Arvin Saleh
Conference Report

Introduction & context

Considerable gains have been made in global health and nutrition outcomes in recent years. Despite this progress, addressing malnutrition in all its forms remains a critical development goal with implications for human and planetary health (Dangour et al. 2017; Gillespie and van den Bold 2017). Diet-related chronic diseases are rising steadily, in low- and even in middle-income countries where dietary inadequacy and undernutrition still persist. Globally, 155 million pre-school aged children are stunted and 52 million are wasted, both symptoms being attributable to undernutrition while 41 million are overweight owing to overnutrition (UNICEF/WHO/World Bank 2016). This emerging double burden of malnutrition is a global phenomenon that extends into to adult populations as well. The drivers of this problem are multifaceted, stemming in part from unequal food systems, climate change, growing urbanization, evolving consumption patterns and sociocultural dynamics and...

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper has been supported by UK Aid from the UK Government through the Innovative Metrics and Methods for Agriculture and Nutrition Actions (IMMANA) programme, as well as the USAID-funded Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Nutrition, and their respective partner institutions. All authors declare no conflicts of interest and all authors approved the final manuscript. The authors thank Suneetha Kadiyala and Andrew Thorne-Lyman who reviewed the manuscript draft and provided critical edits. They also thank all Scientific Symposium and Learning Lab speakers, participants and note takers.

References

  1. Azzarri, et al. (2015). Does livestock ownership affect animal source foods consumption and child nutritional status? Evidence from rural Uganda. Journal of Development Studies, 51(8), 1034–1059.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Belizán, J. M., & Miller, S. (2017). What can WHO do to support research in LMICs? The Lancet, 389(10080), 1697.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carletto, C., Corral, P., & Guelfi, A. (2017). Agricultural commercialization and nutrition revisited: empirical evidence from three African countries. Food Policy, 67, 106–118.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2016.09.020.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Cunningham, K., Ploubidis, G. B., Menon, P., Ruel, M., Kadiyala, S., Uauy, R., & Ferguson, E. (2015). Women’s empowerment in agriculture and child nutritional status in rural Nepal. Public Health Nutrition, 18(17), 3134–3145.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980015000683.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Dangour, A., Mace, G., & Shankar, B. (2017). Food systems, nutrition, health and the environment. The Lancet Planetary Health, 1(1), e8–e9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Fanzo, J. C., Graziose, M. M., Kraemer, K., Gillespie, S., Johnston, J. L., de Pee, S., et al. (2015). Educating and training a workforce for nutrition in a post-2015 world. Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal, 6(6), 639–647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fiorella, et al. (2016). Agricultural interventions for improved nutrition: a review of livelihood and environmental dimensions. Global Food Security, 8, 39–47.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2016.03.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Geissler, C. (2015). Capacity building in public health nutrition. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 74(4), 430–436.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Gillespie, S., & van den Bold, M. (2017). Agriculture, food systems, and nutrition: meeting the challenge. Global Challenges, 1(3), 1600002.  https://doi.org/10.1002/gch2.201600002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Global Panel on Agriculture and Food Systems for Nutrition. (2016). Food systems and diets: Facing the challenges of the 21st century. London, UK.Google Scholar
  11. Headey, D., Chiu, A., & Kadiyala, S. (2012). Agriculture’s role in the Indian enigma: help or hindrance to the crisis of undernutrition? Food Security, 4(1), 87–102.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-011-0161-0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Herforth, A., Harris, J. (2014). PATHWAYS | PRINCIPLES | PRACTICE Understanding and applying primary pathways and principles.Google Scholar
  13. Jones, A. D., Cruz Agudo, Y., Galway, L., Bentley, J., & Pinstrup-Andersen, P. (2012). Heavy agricultural workloads and low crop diversity are strong barriers to improving child feeding practices in the Bolivian Andes. Social Science & Medicine, 75, 1673–1684.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.06.025.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jones, A., Shrinivas, A., & Bezner-Kerr, R. (2014). Farm production diversity is associated with greater household dietary diversity in Malawi: findings from nationally representative data. Food Policy, 46, 1–12.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2014.02.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kumar, N., P. H. Nguyen, J. Harris, D. Harvey, R. Rawat, and M. T. Ruel. 2017. What it Takes: Evidence from a nutrition and gender sensitive agriculture intervention in rural Zambia. Unpublished, IFPRI, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  16. Lancet Planetary Health. (2017). Sustainable food for a sustainable planet. The Lancet Planetary Health, 1(4), e123.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(17)30066-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Malapit, H. J. L., Kadiyala, S., Quisumbing, A. R., Cunningham, K., & Tyagi, P. (2015). Women’s empowerment mitigates the negative effects of low production diversity on maternal and child nutrition in Nepal. Journal of Development Studies, 51, 1097–1123.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00220388.2015.1018904.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Malapit, H. J. L., & Quisumbing, A. R. (2015). What dimensions of women’s empowerment in agriculture matter for nutrition in Ghana? Food Policy, 52, 54–63.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2015.02.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Maestre, M., & Poole, N. (Eds.). (2018). Value chains for nutrition in South Asia: Who delivers, how, and to whom? IDS Bulletin, 49(1).  https://doi.org/10.19088/1968-2018.100.
  20. Mosites, E. M., Rabinowitz, P. M., Thumbi, S. M., Montgomery, J. M., Palmer, G. H., May, S., Rowhani-Rahbar, A., Neuhouser, M. L., & Walson, J. L. (2015). The relationship between livestock ownership and child stunting in three countries in Eastern Africa using national survey data. PLoS One, 10, e0136686.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136686.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  21. Mulmi, P., Masters, W. A., Ghosh, S., Namirembe, G., Rajbhandary, R., et al. (2017). Household food production is positively associated with dietary diversity and intake of nutrient-dense foods for older preschool children in poorer families: results from a nationally-representative survey in Nepal. PLoS One, 12(11), e0186765.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186765.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. Rojas-Downing, M., Nejadhashemi, P., Harrigan, T., & Woznicki, S. A. (2017). Climate change and livestock: impacts, adaptation, and mitigation. Climate Risk Management, 16, 145–163.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2017.02.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ruel, Marie T., Quisumbing, Agnes R., and Balagamwala, Mysbah. (2017). Nutrition-sensitive agriculture: What have we learned and where do we go from here? IFPRI Discussion Paper 1681. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). http://ebrary.ifpri.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15738coll2/id/131461
  24. Shively, G., & Sununtnasuk, C. (2015). Agricultural diversity and child stunting in Nepal. Journal of Development Studies, 51, 1078–1096.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00220388.2015.1018900.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Turner, C., Kadiyala, S., Aggarwal, A., Coates, J., Drewnowski, A., Hawkes, C., Herforth, A., Kalamatianou, S., Walls, H. (2017). Concepts and methods for food environment research in low and middle income countries. Agriculture, Nutrition and Health Academy Food Environments Working Group (ANH-FEWG). Innovative Methods and Metrics for Agriculture and Nutrition Actions (IMMANA) programme. London, UK.Google Scholar
  26. UNICEF/WHO/World Bank. (2016) Levels and trends in child malnutrition. UNICEF-WHO-World Bank joint child malnutrition estimates., 2016 (accessed 12 Oct 2016), pp. 1–8. Available at: http://www.who.int/nutgrowthdb/jme_brochure2017.pdf?ua=1%5Cn; http://www.who.int/nutgrowthdb/jme_brochure2016.pdf.
  27. United Nations (2016) Inter-Agency and Expert Group in Sustainable Development Goal Indicators, 2016. Final list of proposed Sustainable Development Goal indicators. Report of the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goal Indicators, p. Annex IV. Available at: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/11803Official-List-of-Proposed-SDG-Indicators.pdf.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature and International Society for Plant Pathology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Leverhulme Centre for Integrated Research on Agriculture and Health (LCIRAH)LondonUK
  2. 2.London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)LondonUK
  3. 3.Johns Hopkins School of Public Health (JHSPH)BaltimoreUSA
  4. 4.University of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA
  5. 5.Friedman School of Nutrition Science & PolicyTufts UniversityBostonUSA

Personalised recommendations