Kovaleva J, Peters F, van der Mei HC, Degener JE. Transmission of infection by flexible gastrointestinal endoscopy and bronchoscopy. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2013;26(2):231–54.
Ferioli M, Cisternino C, Leo V, Pisani L, Palange P, Nava S. Protecting healthcare workers from SARS-CoV-2 infection: practical indications. Eur Respir Rev. 2020;29(155):2000068. https://doi.org/10.1183/16000617.0068-2020
Lentz RJ, Colt H. Summarizing societal guidelines regarding bronchoscopy during the COVID-19 pandemic. Respirology. 2020;25(6): 574–77. https://doi.org/10.1111/resp.13824
Mehta AC, Prakash UBS, Garland R, et al. American College of Chest Physicians and American Association for Bronchoscopy consensus statement: prevention of flexible bronchoscopy-associated infection. Chest. 2005;128(3):1742–55.
Ofstead CL, Quick MR, Wetzler HP, et al. Effectiveness of reprocessing for flexible bronchoscopes and endobronchial ultrasound bronchoscopes. Chest. 2018;154(5):1024–34.
Tran K, Cimon K, Severn M, Pessoa-Silva CL, Conly J. Aerosol generating procedures and risk of transmission of acute respiratory infections to healthcare workers: a systematic review. PLoS One. 2012;7(4):e35797.
Lancet. COVID-19: protecting health-care workers. Lancet. 2020;395(10228):922. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30644-9
Burrer SL, de Perio MA, Hughes MM, et al. Characteristics of health care personnel with COVID-19—United States, February 12-April 9, 2020. Morbidity Mortality Wkly Rep. 2020:477–81. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6915e6
Baldwin D, Lim W, Rintoul R, et al. Bronchoscopy services during the COVID-19 pandemic. Br Thorac Soc. https://www.brit-thoracic.org.uk/document-library/quality-improvement/covid-19/bronchoscopy-services-during-the-covid-pandemic/
Irish Thoracic Society. Irish Thoracic Society statement on bronchoscopy and SARS COVID-19. Statement. Ir Thorac Soc. https://irishthoracicsociety.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/ITS-Bronchoscopy-STatement-24.03-Final.pdf
Wahidi MM, Lamb C, Murgu S. American Association for Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology (AABIP) statement on the use of bronchoscopy and respiratory specimen collection in patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 infection. J Bronchol Interv Pulmonol. 2020. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7141581/
Chan JK, Ng I, Ang JP, et al. Randomised controlled trial comparing the Ambu® aScope™2 with a conventional fibreoptic bronchoscope in orotracheal intubation of anaesthetised adult patients. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2015;43(4):479–84.
Kristensen MS, Fredensborg BB. The disposable Ambu aScope vs. a conventional flexible videoscope for awake intubation—a randomised study. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2013;57:888–95.
Châteauvieux C, Farah L, Guérot E, et al. Single-use flexible bronchoscopes compared with reusable bronchoscopes: positive organizational impact but a costly solution. J Eval Clin Pract. 2018;9(24):528–35.
McCahon RA, Whynes DK. Cost comparison of re-usable and single-use fibrescopes in a large English teaching hospital. Anaesthesia. 2015;70(6):699–706.
Mouritsen JM, Ehlers L, Kovaleva J, Ahmad I, El-Boghdadly K. A systematic review and cost effectiveness analysis of reusable vs. single-use flexible bronchoscopes. Anaesthesia. 2020;75(4):529–40.
Du Rand IA, Blaikley J, Booton R, et al. British Thoracic Society guideline for diagnostic flexible bronchoscopy in adults. Thorax. 2013;16(68):i1–i44.
HSE National Decontamination of Reusable Invasive Medical Devices Advisory Group. Health Service Executive Standards and recommended practices for endoscope reprocessing units. Health Technical Memorandum. Nenagh, Co. Tipperary, Ireland: HSE, National Quality and Patient Safety Directorate; 2012. Report No.: QPSD-D-005-2.2.
NHS. Management and decontamination of flexible endoscopes. Health Technical Memorandum. National Health Service; 2013 March 20. Report No.: HTM01-06.
Spongiform Encephalopathy Advisory Committee. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy agents: safe working and the prevention of infection. 1998.
ECRI. Top 10 health technology hazards. Executive brief. Pennsylvania: ECRI Institute, Health devices; 2019. p. 2019.
McGrath BA, Ruane S, McKenna J, Thomas S. Contamination of single-use bronchoscopes in critically ill patients. Anaesthesia. 2017;72(1):36–41.
Honore PM, Mugisha A, Kugener L, et al. With the current COVID-19 pandemic: should we use single-use flexible bronchoscopes instead of conventional bronchoscopes? Crit Care. 2020;18:24 (234). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13054-020-02965-9
Francom CR, Javia LR, Wolter NE, et al. Pediatric laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy during the COVID-19 pandemic: a four-center collaborative protocol to improve safety with perioperative management strategies and creation of a surgical tent with disposable drapes. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2020;134(110059). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2020.110059
Coccolini F, Perrone G, Chiarugi M, et al. Surgery in COVID-19 patients: operational directives. World J Emerg Surg. 2020;15(25). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13017-020-00307-2
Tan TK. How severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) affected the department of anaesthesia at Singapore General Hospital. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2004;32(3):394–400.
Barron S, Kennedy M. Single use bronchoscopes: applications in COVID-19 pandemic. J Bronchol Interv Pulmonol. 2020. https://journals.lww.com/bronchology/Citation/9000/Single_Use_Bronchoscopes__Applications_in_COVID_19.99773.aspx
Lunn W, Garland R, Gryniuk L, Smith L, Feller-Kopman D, Ernst A. Reducing maintenance and repair costs in an interventional pulmonology program. Chest. 2005;127(4):1382–7.
Lu HF, Hung KC, Chiang MH, et al. Implementation of an anaesthesia quality improvement programme to reduce fibreoptic bronchoscope repair incidents. Biomed Res Int. 2020;21:2020.
Finke MD. Transtracheal wash and bronchoalveolar lavage. Top Companion Anim Med. 2013;28(3):97–102.
Hanthorn CJ, Dewell RD, Cooper VL, et al. Randomized clinical trial to evaluate the pathogenicity of Bibersteinia trehalosi in respiratory disease among calves. BMC Vet Res. 2014;10:89.
Frerk C, Mitchell VS, Mcnarry AF, et al. Difficult Airway Society 2015 guidelines for management of unanticipated difficult intubation in adults. Br J Anaesth. 2015;115(6):827–48.
Zaidi SR, Collins AM, Mitsi E, et al. Single use and conventional bronchoscopes for broncho alveolar lavage (BAL) in research: a comparative study (NCT 02515591). BMC Pulm Med. 2017;17(83).
Shulimzon T, Chatterji S, Gan R. Infections and damaged flexible bronchoscopes—time for a change. Chest. 2018;155(6):1299.
Perbet S, Blanquet M, Mourgues C, et al. Cost analysis of (Ambu®aScope™) and reusable bronchoscopes in the ICU. Ann Intensive Care. 2017;7(3):1–6.
Edenharter GM, Gartner D, Pförringer D. Decision support for the capacity management of bronchoscopy devices: optimizing the cost-efficient mix of reusable and single-use devices through mathematical modeling. Anesth Analg. 2017;124(6):1963–7.
Sørensen BL, Grüttner H. Comparative study on environmental impacts of reusable and single-use bronchoscopes. Am J Environ Prot. 2018;7(4):55–62.
Rozman A, Duh S, Petrinec-Primozic M, Triller N. Flexible bronchoscope damage and repair costs in a bronchoscopy teaching unit. Respiration. 2009;77(3):325–30.
Veaudor M, Couraud S, Chan S, et al. Implementing flexible bronchoscopy in least developed countries according to international guidelines is feasible and sustainable: example from Phnom-Penh, Cambodia. BMC Pulm Med. 2017;17(10).