Nano Research

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 138–145 | Cite as

Radical addition of perfluorinated alkyl iodides to multi-layered graphene and single-walled carbon nanotubes

  • Christopher E. Hamilton
  • Jay R. Lomeda
  • Zhengzong Sun
  • James M. TourEmail author
  • Andrew R. BarronEmail author
Open Access
Research Article


A simple one-pot reaction that serves to functionalize graphite nanosheets (graphene) and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) with perfluorinated alkyl groups is reported. Free radical addition of 1-iodo-1H,1H,2H, 2H-perfluorododecane to ortho-dichlorobenzene suspensions of the carbon nanomaterial is initiated by thermal decomposition of benzoyl peroxide. Similarly, UV photolysis of 1-iodo-perfluorodecane serves to functionalize the carbon materials. Perfluorododecyl-SWNTs, perfluorododecyl-graphene, and perfluorodecyl-graphene are characterized by infrared (IR) and Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The products show enhanced dispersability in CHCl3 as compared to unfunctionalized starting materials. The advantage of this one-pot functionalization procedure lies in the use of pristine graphite as starting material thereby avoiding the use of harsh oxidizing conditions.


Nanotube single-walled carbon nanotube graphene radical addition 

Supplementary material

12274_2010_1007_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (675 kb)
Supplementary material, approximately 340 KB.


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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Richard E. Smalley Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry and Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials ScienceRice UniversityHoustonUSA

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