Nano Research

, 2:857 | Cite as

Water-controlled synthesis of low-dimensional molecular crystals and the fabrication of a new water and moisture indicator

Open Access
Research Article


Arrays of low-dimensional molecular crystals of square columns (1-D) and nanolamellae (2-D) of Zn[TCNQ]2(H2O)2 with large areas (up to 10 20 cm2) have been synthesized by controlled addition of water to Zn and TCNQ. Based on the ability to accurately control the reaction, a new moisture and water indicator has been developed. The simple method, the large areas of material prepared, the fine size tuning, and the typical semiconductor behavior of the resulting low-dimensional molecular materials promise applications in molecular electronics as well as nanoelectronics. The system is an effective indicator for the detection of traces of water and moisture.


Molecular materials molecular crystals nanomaterials water indicator 

Supplementary material

12274_2009_9084_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.2 mb)
Supplementary material, approximately 340 KB.


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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of ChemistryChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Nano-Fabrication and Novel Devices Integrated Technology, Institute of MicroelectronicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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