Nano Research

, 2:743 | Cite as

Self-organized growth of complex nanotube patterns on crystal surfaces

Open Access
Review Article


The organization of carbon nanotubes into well-defined straight or curved geometries and arrays on surfaces is a critical prerequisite for their integration into nanocircuits and a variety of functional nanosystems. We review the recent development of a new approach to carbon nanotube organization based on self-organized growth directed by well-defined crystal surfaces, or “nanotube epitaxy”. We identify three different modes of surface-directed growth, namely by atomic rows, atomic steps, and nanofacets. Particular emphasis is given here to the combinations of such surface-directed growth with external forces—like those exerted by an electric field or gas flow—for the creation of well-defined complex geometries, including crossbar architectures, serpentines, and coils.


Nanotubes self-organization surface science nanostructures nanofabrication self-assembly 


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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials and InterfacesWeizmann Institute of ScienceRehovotIsrael

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