Nano Research

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 1–29 | Cite as

Self-assembled materials for catalysis

Open Access
Review Article

Abstract

The purpose of this review is to highlight developments in self-assembled nanostructured materials (i.e., mesoporous and nanoparticle-based materials) and their catalytic applications. Since there are many available reviews of metal-based nanoparticles as catalysts, this review will mainly focus on self-assembled oxide-based catalytic materials. The content includes: (1) design and synthetic strategies for self-assembled mesoporous catalysts, (2) polyoxometalate (POM)-based nanocatalysts, (3) dendrimer-based nanocatalysts, and (4) shaped nanomaterials and catalytic applications. We show that controlled assembly of molecules, crystalline seeds, and nano building blocks into organized mesoscopic structures or controlled morphologies is an effective approach for tailoring porosities of heterogeneous catalysts and controlling their catalytic activities.

Keywords

Self-assembly mesoporous microporous nanoparticles polyoxometalates dendrimers zeolites layered double hydroxides heterogeneous catalysis 

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© Tsinghua University Press and Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pacific Northwest National LaboratoryRichland, WashingtonUSA

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