Virologica Sinica

, Volume 32, Issue 5, pp 349–356 | Cite as

Extracellular vesicles: novel vehicles in herpesvirus infection

  • Lingzhi Liu
  • Quan Zhou
  • Yan Xie
  • Lielian Zuo
  • Fanxiu Zhu
  • Jianhong Lu
Open Access
Review
  • 91 Downloads

Abstract

Herpesviruses are remarkable pathogens that have evolved multiple mechanisms to evade host immunity, ensuring their proliferation and egress. Among these mechanisms, herpesviruses utilize elaborate extracellular vesicles, including exosomes, for the intricate interplay between infected host and recipient cells. Herpesviruses incorporate genome expression products and direct cellular products into exosomal cargoes. These components alter the content and function of exosomes released from donor cells, thus affecting the downstream signalings of recipient cells. In this way, herpesviruses hijack exosomal pathways to ensure their survival and persistence, and exosomes are emerging as critical mediators for virus infection-associated intercellular communication and microenvironment alteration. In this review, the function and effects of exosomes in herpesvirus infection will be discussed, so that we will have a better understanding about the pathogenesis of herpesviruses.

Keywords

herpesviruses extracellular vesicles (EVs) infection pathogenesis 

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Copyright information

© Wuhan Institute of Virology, CAS and Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis of the Chinese Ministry of Health, Xiangya HospitalCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.Cancer Research InstituteCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  3. 3.Faculty of Chemical, Environmental and Biological Science and TechnologyDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina
  4. 4.Department of Microbiology, School of Basic Medical ScienceCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  5. 5.Department of Biological ScienceFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA

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