Multidimensional Child Poverty in three Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa
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This paper describes and reviews the process of constructing a Multidimensional Child Poverty Measure in three sub-Saharan Africa countries: Mali, Malawi, and Tanzania. These countries recently (in 2015 and 2014) constructed a measure of multidimensional child poverty using UNICEF’s Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology and conducted a comprehensive child poverty study including both deprivation and monetary poverty. This work describes how the methodology was adapted in the different contexts, discussing critical issues that arose during the study process, and compares the results of the three studies. The goal is to offer an overview of the different national processes and determine how similar or different factors influence the results.
KeywordsChild poverty Multidimensional deprivation Poverty analysis Sub-Saharan Africa
The authors would like to thank colleagues in the UNICEF offices of Mali, Malawi, and Tanzania, and their partners who participated in the definition of the national multidimensional child poverty measure. In particular, we are grateful to the National Statistical Offices for their insights on national data and their crucial inputs in in the process. We also would like to thank our colleagues, and two anonymous referees, for providing comments and suggestions on this paper.
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