Stem Cell Reviews and Reports

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 148–157 | Cite as

Thermoresponsive Substrates used for the Expansion of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells and the Preservation of Immunophenotype

  • Maria E. Nash
  • Xingliang Fan
  • William M. Carroll
  • Alexander V. Gorelov
  • Frank P. Barry
  • Georgina Shaw
  • Yury A. Rochev


The facile regeneration of undifferentiated human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) from thermoresponsive surfaces facilitates the collection of stem cells avoiding the use of animal derived cell detachment agents commonly used in cell culture. This communication proposes a procedure to fabricate coatings from commercially available pNIPAm which is both affordable and a significant simplification on alternative approaches used elsewhere. Solvent casting was used to produce films in the micrometer range and successful cell adhesion and proliferation was highly dependent on the thickness of the coating produced with 1 μm thick coatings supporting cells to confluence. 3T3 cell sheets and hMSCs were successfully detached from the cast coatings upon temperature reduction. Furthermore, results indicate that the hMSCs remained undifferentiated as the surface receptor profile of hMSCs was not altered when cells were detached in this manner.


Thermoresponsive polymers Human mesenchymal stem cells Cell expansion and regeneration Flow cytometry Stem cell differentiation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria E. Nash
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xingliang Fan
    • 3
  • William M. Carroll
    • 2
  • Alexander V. Gorelov
    • 4
  • Frank P. Barry
    • 5
  • Georgina Shaw
    • 5
  • Yury A. Rochev
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Applied Macromolecular ChemistryInstituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Polímeros, ICTP-CSICMadridSpain
  2. 2.School of ChemistryNational University of IrelandGalwayIreland
  3. 3.National Centre for Biomedical Engineering Science, National University of IrelandGalwayIreland
  4. 4.School of Chemistry and Chemical BiologyUniversity College DublinDublinIreland
  5. 5.Regenerative Medicine InstituteNational University of Ireland GalwayGalwayIreland

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