Science and Engineering Ethics

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 525–547 | Cite as

Debates on Genetically Modified Crops in the Context of Sustainable Development

  • Ksenia Gerasimova
Original Paper


The paper discusses conflicts in perceptions of GM crops illustrating the complexities of GM debates and applications of the concept of sustainable development. The concept consists of three discourses that both opponents and supporters of GM crops refer to in their analyses: environmentalism, social and economic development and the two sub-issues of sustainable development—biodiversity loss and food security. This creates a unique situation when both proponents and opponents of GM food use the same framework of sustainable development to support their arguments and do not reach a common ground. This will be illustrated by a review of the arguments brought by these two groups.


GM crops NGOs Sustainable development 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre of Development StudiesUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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