Chemical Papers

, Volume 72, Issue 4, pp 1021–1030 | Cite as

Synthesis and characterization of a perylene derivative and its application as catalyst for ethanol electro-oxidation

  • Paulo José Sousa Maia
  • Elizomar Medeiros Barbosa
  • Maria Leticia Vega
  • Helder Nunes da Cunha
  • Elson Almeida de Souza
  • Flávio Augusto de Freitas
Original Paper


Direct ethanol fuel cells (DEFCs) are considered a viable alternative power source for both stationary and mobile applications. Obstacles to widespread use of DEFCs include the slow electro-oxidation kinetics of ethanol, which has been countered by employing combinations of noble metals and organic compounds as catalysts, e.g., a platinum alloy and perylene-3,4:9,10-tetracarboxylic acid derivatives (PDIs). This study investigates the performance of a PDI functionalized with 4-amino pyridine (PDI1) and subsequently dispersed in Pt/C (Pt/C/PDI1) and PtSn/C (PtSn/C/PDI1). The performance of these catalysts in ethanol electro-oxidation (EOR) was compared to that of metallic catalysts (PtSn/C and Pt/C). The forward potential scan indicated that the peak current densities (j) on the catalysts Pt/C/PDI1 and PtSn/C/PDI1 were ~ 1.7 and ~ 1.3-fold that of Pt/C and ~ 1.8 and ~ 1.4-fold that of PtSn/C. Concerning ethanol oxidation, this indicates that Pt/C/PDI1 and PtSn/C/PDI1 exhibit better catalytic activity in EOR than Pt/C and PtSn/C do.


Renewable energy Perylene derivatives Electro-oxidation Direct ethanol fuel cells 

Supplementary material

11696_2017_344_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.1 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1109 kb)


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Copyright information

© Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paulo José Sousa Maia
    • 1
    • 2
  • Elizomar Medeiros Barbosa
    • 1
  • Maria Leticia Vega
    • 2
  • Helder Nunes da Cunha
    • 2
  • Elson Almeida de Souza
    • 1
  • Flávio Augusto de Freitas
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Exact Sciences and TechnologyFederal University of AmazonasItacoatiaraBrazil
  2. 2.Physics DepartmentFederal University of PiauíTeresinaBrazil
  3. 3.Chemistry DepartmentFederal University of AmazonasManausBrazil

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