The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), induced by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and first reported in late December 2019 in Wuhan, China, quickly became an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, spreading inevitably outside China and the Asian continent, and it was declared a pandemic in March 2020 , 2. Under these circumstances, different countries confirming their first cases began to implement a strict hygiene regime and eventually imposed city-wide and national lockdown measures. As a result, an estimated 4 billion people were forced to quarantine themselves at home. According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has spread to almost all countries around the world. As of 10 January 2021, the number of confirmed cases was 88,383,771 and the number of deaths was 1,919,126 .
The current goal of governments and ministries of health is to implement urgent measures to minimize the number of people infected with SARS-CoV-2. While it is of utmost importance to focus on controlling this communicable disease, a pandemic could also have long-term effects on people with non-communicable diseases.
Although there is no peer-reviewed scientific evidence on this issue yet, initial reports from scientific societies in Italy and Spain suggest a substantial reduction in admission for stroke or Myocardial infarction since the start of the outbreak, for example. In Spain, cardiologists have seen a 40% reduction in heart attack treatments and a decrease in the number of diagnostic procedures. One hypothesis is that individuals do not go to the hospital even if they need to. There is also a shortage of healthcare staff to cover both SARS-CoV-2-related illness and all other routine medical care .
In Poland, one of the non-communicable diseases that affects 20,000 people every year is Lyme disease, which is a mandatorily notifiable disease entity, therefore precise data are available . Lyme disease, known also as borreliosis is caused by spirochaetes belonging to the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex, carried by Ixodes ticks. B. burgdorferi is one of the most significant human pathogens transmitted by ticks .