Sustainability Science

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 721–731 | Cite as

‘We have a right to breathe clean air’: the emerging environmental justice movement against waste incineration in cement kilns in Spain

  • Amaranta HerreroEmail author
  • Mariel Vilella
Special Feature: Case Report The EJAtlas: Ecological Distribution Conflicts as Forces for Sustainability
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Special Feature: The EJAtlas: Ecological Distribution Conflicts as Forces for Sustainability


Waste is increasingly being used as an alternative to conventional fossil fuels in cement kilns worldwide. This has led to the emergence of socio-environmental conflicts in many countries in which local groups articulate a common struggle against the cement industry, a new target within the international anti-incineration movement. This case report aims at characterising this emerging movement against waste incineration in cement kilns in Spain and explores its main four discursive dimensions in relation to the concept of environmental justice. We argue that the movement against waste incineration in cement kilns is incipient and growing in Spain, and it uses a distinctive vocabulary to refer to the environmental justice dimension of the struggle.


Co-incineration Local environmental struggles Socio-environmental conflicts Waste controversies Zero waste Environmental contestation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Genøk-Center of BiosafetySiva innovasjonssenter TromsøTromsøNorway
  2. 2.Global Alliance Anti-Incineration (GAIA)Zero Waste EuropeManchesterUK

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