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Science China Chemistry

, Volume 56, Issue 10, pp 1382–1391 | Cite as

Multiple biological functions and pharmacological effects of lycorine

  • ZhiFei Cao
  • Ping Yang
  • QuanSheng ZhouEmail author
Reviews Special Topic Chemistry for Life Sciences

Abstract

Lycorine is the major active component from the amaryllidaceae family plant Lycoris radiate, a represent traditional Chinese medicinal herb, and is one of the typical alkaloids with pyrrolophenanthridine nucleus core. Lycorine has drawn great interest in medicinal field due to its divergent chemical structures and multiple biological functions, as well as pharmacological effects on various diseases. Accumulated evidence shows that lycorine not only possesses strong pharmacological effects on many diseases, including anti-leukemia, anti-tumor, anti-angiogenesis, anti-virus, anti-bacteria, anti-inflammation, and antimalaria, but also exerts many other biological functions, such as inhibition of acetylcholinesterase and topoisomerase, suppression of ascorbic acid biosynthesis, and control of circadian period length. Notably, lycorine exhibits its numerous pharmacological effects on various diseases with very low toxicity and mild side effects. The divergent chemical structures, multiple biological functions, and very low toxicity of lycorine imply that the agent is a potential drug candidate that warrants for further preclinical and clinic investigation.

Keywords

traditional Chinese medicinal herbs lycorine anti-cancer anti-virus angiogenesis neovascularization 

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cyrus Tang Hematology Center, Jiangsu Institute of HematologyThe First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University; Key Laboratory of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Ministry of Health, Soochow UniversitySuzhouChina

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