Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 3340–3349 | Cite as

Insight into transformation of dissolved organic matter in the Heilongjiang River

  • Jianhong Shi
  • Yue Zhao
  • Dan Wei
  • Duoying Zhang
  • Zimin WeiEmail author
  • Junqiu Wu
Research Article


Heilongjiang is a “browning” river that receives substantial terrestrial organic matter, where reactivity of dissolved organic matter (DOM) may have important effect on ecosystem function and carbon biogeochemical cycle. However, little is known about microbial transformations of different DOM components, which could provide valuable insight into biogeochemical reactivity of DOM. In this study, bioavailability experiments were conducted for 55 days to determine changes of different DOM components by microbial transformations. Labile matter (C1) was detected only in initial DOM, and tryptophan-like substances (C4) were observed from day 5 onwards. Thus, three individual components were identified at each sampling time of the bioavailability experiment. The increase of Fmax in DOM components revealed that microbial humic-like substances (C2), terrestrial humic-like substances (C3), and C4 were produced by microbial transformation, especially in the spring samples. Further, two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2D-COS) indicated that shorter wavelength tryptophan-like and microbial humic-like substances can be degraded by microbes or transformed into longer wavelength complex substances. Relatively simple microbial humic-like substances were preferentially produced compared to complex terrestrial humic-like substances. The results make sense to understand the biogeochemical cycling and environmental effects of DOM in the Heilongjiang River.


Heilongjiang River Dissolved organic matter Components transformation Parallel factor analysis Generalized two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy Two-dimensional hetero-spectral correlation spectroscopy 


Funding information

This work was financially supported by the Major Projects on Control and Rectification of Water Body Pollution (2009ZX07106-001) and the Projects on Control and Rectification of Water Body Pollution—the Cross-border Aquatic Environment Investigation and Policy Research (2039001001011).

Supplementary material

11356_2018_3761_MOESM1_ESM.docx (728 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 728 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianhong Shi
    • 1
  • Yue Zhao
    • 1
  • Dan Wei
    • 2
  • Duoying Zhang
    • 3
  • Zimin Wei
    • 1
    Email author
  • Junqiu Wu
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Life ScienceNortheast Agricultural UniversityHarbinChina
  2. 2.Institute of Plant Nutrition and ResourceBeijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry ScienceBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of Civil EngineeringHeilongjiang UniversityHarbinChina

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