Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 23, Issue 16, pp 16790–16801 | Cite as

Active biomonitoring of palladium, platinum, and rhodium emissions from road traffic using transplanted moss

  • Terhi Suoranta
  • Matti Niemelä
  • Jarmo Poikolainen
  • Juha Piispanen
  • Syed Nadeem Hussain Bokhari
  • Thomas Meisel
  • Paavo Perämäki
Research Article


The use of transplanted moss (Pleurozium schreberi) in active biomonitoring of traffic-related emissions of Pd, Pt, and Rh was studied. Moss mats were transplanted to three locations along highway E75 (in Oulu, Finland) at three different distances from the highway. Five samples were collected from a background site after the same exposure period. Mass fractions of Pd, Pt, and Rh as well as mass fractions of 18 other elements were determined in these samples. The results indicated that P. schreberi is well suited for active biomonitoring of Pd, Pt, and Rh. Mass fractions above the background values were observed in the samples exposed to traffic-related emissions. When the results were compared with those of the other elements, high correlations of Pd, Pt, and Rh with commonly traffic-related elements (e.g., Cu, Ni, Sb, Zn, etc.) were found. It was also found that the amounts of Pd, Pt, and Rh in moss samples decreased when the distance to the highway increased. This trend gives evidence for the suitability of P. schreberi for active biomonitoring of Pd, Pt, and Rh. Furthermore, it can be concluded that the mass fractions determined in this study provide valuable evidence about the current state of Pd, Pt, and Rh emissions in Oulu, Finland.


Active biomonitoring Traffic-related emissions Atmospheric emissions Resuspension Moss Pleurozium schreberi Road dust 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Terhi Suoranta
    • 1
  • Matti Niemelä
    • 1
  • Jarmo Poikolainen
    • 2
  • Juha Piispanen
    • 2
  • Syed Nadeem Hussain Bokhari
    • 3
  • Thomas Meisel
    • 3
  • Paavo Perämäki
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Unit of Sustainable ChemistryUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  2. 2.Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Management and Production of Renewable ResourcesOuluFinland
  3. 3.General and Analytical ChemistryMontanuniversität LeobenLeobenAustria

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