Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 1713–1722 | Cite as

Chlorinated and brominated organic pollutants in shellfish from the Yellow Sea and East China Sea

  • Ge Yin
  • Lillemor Asplund
  • Yanling Qiu
  • Yihui Zhou
  • Hua Wang
  • Zongli Yao
  • Jianbin Jiang
  • Åke Bergman
Developments and Applications of Environmental Specimen Banks for Monitoring Emerging Contaminants


The global contamination with persistent organic pollutants (POPs), or compounds with similar characteristics, is well known. Still there are data gaps for POP concentrations from many areas in the world. The aim of the present study is to assess several legacies POPs and also hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) and methoxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (MeO-PBDEs) in shellfish from three locations in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea. The sources of the contaminants are discussed. Pooled samples were treated by liquid-liquid extraction and acid and column cleanup prior to analysis by gas chromatogram equipped with electron capture detector (GC-ECD) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The by far most abundant environmental contaminant originates from dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), independent of species analyzed or sampling site. The results indicate ongoing or at least recent discharges of DDT. The second highest concentrations were reported for HBCDD (21–40 ng/g fat) in the shellfish, independent of sampling sites. The two natural products, 6-MeO-BDE-47 and 2′-MeO-BDE-68, were also present in the shellfish (1.3–22 and 1–14 ng/g fat, respectively). The polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congener CB-153 (0.8–6.5 ng/g fat), hexachlorobenzene (HCB) (1.1–3.6 ng/g fat), and β-hexachlorocyclohexane (β-HCH) (2.3–4.9 ng/g fat) were all higher than the concentrations of other HCH isomers, β-endosulfan, PBDE congeners, and mirex. Apart from the DDTs and HBCDDs, it is evident that the pollution of shellfish was similar to, or lower than, the contamination of shellfish in other parts of the world.


Shellfish Pesticides HBCDD DDT MeO-PBDE China 



Financial supports from the SIDA Partner Driven Cooperation project (AKT 2010-015) and the VR Research Cooperation China project (639-2013-6913) are gratefully acknowledged. The financial support from Tongji University is also acknowledged. We would like to thank Ioannis Athanassiadis for performing the GC-MS analysis.

Supplementary material

11356_2014_3198_MOESM1_ESM.doc (177 kb)
ESM1 (DOC 177 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ge Yin
    • 1
  • Lillemor Asplund
    • 1
  • Yanling Qiu
    • 2
  • Yihui Zhou
    • 2
  • Hua Wang
    • 2
  • Zongli Yao
    • 3
  • Jianbin Jiang
    • 4
  • Åke Bergman
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Materials and Environmental ChemistryStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  2. 2.College of Environmental Science and EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.East China Sea Fisheries Research InstituteChinese Academy of Fishery SciencesShanghaiChina
  4. 4.Tongzhou Fisheries Technical Instruction Station of NantongNantongChina

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