Ecological Research

, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 303–310 | Cite as

Preliminary observations of soil organic layers using a compact MRI for non-destructive analysis of internal soil structure

  • Mitsutoshi Tomotsune
  • Shinpei Yoshitake
  • Rina Masuda
  • Hiroshi Koizumi
Special Feature Long-term and interdisciplinary research on forest ecosystem functions: Challenges at Takayama site since 1993

Abstract

Soil organic layer samples of two different forest types were observed using compact MRI to visualize internal structure and clarify physical properties of forest soil. Soil pores and organic materials were distinguished by differences in proton mobility and visualized with a spatial resolution of 234 µm. Soil pore ratios and water mobility were calculated by image processing, and their differences between the two forest soils were detected. Our results suggest that compact MRI has potential for non-destructive analysis of soil physical properties and is expected to have significant applications in ecological studies.

Keywords

Decomposition Non-destructive analysis Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Pedosphere Ecological tool 

References

  1. Belliveau SM, Henselwood TL, Langford CH (2000) Soil wetting processes studied by magnetic resonance imaging: correlated study of contaminant uptake. Environ Sci Technol 34:2439–2445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Berg B, McClaugherty C (2003) Plant litter: decomposition, humus formation, carbon sequestration. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bottomley PA, Rogers HH, Foster TH (1986) NMR imaging shows water distribution and transport in plant root system in situ. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 83:87–89CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bouckaert L, Sleutel S, Van Loo D, Brabant L, Cnudde V, Van Hoorebeke L, De Neve S (2013) Carbon mineralization and pore size classes in undisturbed soil cores. Soil Res 51:14–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Callaghan PT (1991) Principles of nuclear magnetic resonance microscopy. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  6. Cannavo P, Michel J-C (2013) Peat particle size effects on spatial root distribution, and changes on hydraulic and aeration properties. Sci Hort 151:11–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dexter AR (2004) Soil physical quality—Part I. Theory, effects of soil texture, density, and organic matter, and effects on root growth. Geoderma 120:201–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Facelli JM, Pickett STA (1991) Plant litter—light interception and effects on an old-field plant community. Ecology 72:1024–1031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Groenevelt PH, Grant CD, Semetsa S (2001) A new procedure to determine soil water availability. Aust J Soil Res 39:577–598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Haishi T, Uematsu T, Matsuda Y, Kose K (2001) Development of a 1.0 T MR microscope using a Nd-Fe-B permanent magnet. Magn Reson Imaging 19:875–880CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Haishi T, Koizumi H, Arai T, Koizumi M, Kano H (2009) Non-invasive observations of an infestation by the peach fruit moth, Carposina sasakii Matsumura (Lepidoptera: Carposinidae) in apples using a 0.2-T compact MRI system. Jpn J Ecol 56:249–257Google Scholar
  12. Hillel D (1998) Environmental soil physics. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. Juarez S, Nunan N, Duday A-C, Pouteau V, Schmidt S, Hapca S, Falconer R, Otten W, Chenu C (2013) Effects of different soil structures on the decomposition of native and added organic carbon. Eur J Soil Boil 58:81–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jury WA, Horton R (2004) Soil physics, 6th edn. John Wiley & Sons, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. Killham K, Amato M, Ladd JN (1993) Effect of substrate location in soil and pore-water regime on carbon turnover. Soil Boil Biochem 25:57–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Koizumi M, Natio S, Ishida N, Hasihi T, Kano H (2008) A dedicated MRI for food science and agriculture. Food Sci Technol Res 14:74–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Koizumi M, Naito S, Kano H, Haishi T (2009) Examination of the tissue water in cucumber fruit by small dedicated magnetic resonance imaging with a 1-T permanent magnet. J Jpn Soc Food Sci Technol 56:146–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lauterbur PC (1973) Image formation by induced local interactions: examples employing nuclear magnetic resonance. Nature 242:190–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lee NY, Koo JW, Noh NJ, Kim J, Son Y (2010) Autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration in needle fir and Quercus-dominated stands in a cool-temperate forest, central Korea. J Plant Res 123:485–495CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. McCormack ML, Guo D (2014) Impacts of environmental factors on fine root lifespan. Front Plant Sci 5:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Meier IC, Leuschner C (2010) Variation of soil and biomass carbon pools in beech forests across a precipitation gradient. Glob Chang Biol 16:1035–1045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Metcalfe DB, Meir P, Aragão LEOC, Malhi Y, da Costa ACL, Braga A, Goncalves PHL, de Athaydes J, de Almeida SS, Williams M (2007) Factors controlling spatio-temporal variation in carbon dioxide efflux from surface litter, roots, and soil organic matter at four rain forest sites in the eastern Amazon. J Geophys Res 112:G04001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mishima S-I, Tateishi T, Nakatsubo T, Horikoshi T (1999) Microbial biomass and respiration rate of A0 layers of forests dominated by different tree species. Microbes Environ 14:63–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Montgomery DR, Schmidt KM, Greenberg HM, Dietrich WE (2000) Forest clearing and regional landsliding. Geology 28:311–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Moore AM (1986) Temperature and moisture dependence of decomposition rates of hardwood and coniferous leaf litter. Soil Biol Biochem 18:427–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Morisada K, Ono K, Kanomata H (2004) Organic carbon stock in forest soils in Japan. Geoderma 119:21–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Omasa K, Onoe M, Yamada H (1985) NMR imaging for measuring root system and soil water content. Environ Control Biol 23:99–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Papa S, Cembrola E, Pellegrino A, Fuggi A, Fioretto A (2014) Microbial enzyme activities, fungal biomass and quality of the litter and upper soil layer in a beech forest of south Italy. Eur J Soil Sci 65:274–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Passioura JB (2002) Soil conditions and plant growth. Plant Cell Environ 25:311–318CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Pohlmeier A, Oros-Peusquens A, Javaux M, Menzel MI, Vanderborght J, Kaffanke J, Romanzetti S, Lindenmair J, Vereecken H, Shah NL (2008) Changes in soil water content resulting from Ricinus root uptake monitored by magnetic resonance imaging. Vadose Zone J 7:1010–1017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ross DJ, Tate KR (1993) Microbial C and N, and respiratory activity, in litter and soil of a southern beech (Nothofagus) forest: distribution and properties. Soil Biol Biochem 25:477–483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Schjønning P, Thomsen IK, Møberg JP, de Jonge H, Kristensen K, Christensen BT (1999) Turnover of organic matter in differently textured soils I. Physical characteristics of structurally disturbed and intact soils. Geoderma 89:177–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Six J, Paustian K, Elliott ET, Combrink C (2000) Soil structure and organic matter: I. Distribution of aggregate-size classes and aggregate-associated carbon. Soil Sci Soc Am J 64:681–689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Strong DT, De Wever H, Merckx R, Recous S (2004) Spatial location of carbon decomposition in the soil pore system. Eur J Soil Sci 55:739–750CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sundarapandian SM, Swamy PS (1999) Litter production and leaf-litter decomposition of selected tree species in tropical forests at Kodayar in the Western Ghats, India. For Ecol Manag 123:231–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Thomsen I, Schjonning P, Jensen B, Kristensen K, Christensen B (1999) Turnover of organic matter in differently textured soils—II. Microbial activity as influenced by soil water regimes. Geoderma 89:199–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Tomotsune M, Masuda R, Yoshitake S, Anzai T, Koizumi H (2013a) Seasonal and inter-annual variations in contribution ratio of heterotrophic respiration to soil respiration in a cool-temperate deciduous forest. J Geogr (Chigaku Zasshi) 122:745–754CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Tomotsune M, Yoshitake S, Watanabe S, Koizumi H (2013b) Separation of root and heterotrophic respiration within soil respiration by trenching root biomass regression, and root excising methods in a cool-temperate deciduous forest in Japan. Ecol Res 28:259–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Votrubová J, Císlerová M, Amin MHG, Dall LD (2003) Recurrent ponded infiltration into structured soil: a magnetic resonance imaging study. Water Resour Res 39:1371Google Scholar
  40. Yonemura S, Yokozawa M, Sakurai G, Kishimoto-Mo AW, Lee N, Murayama S, Ishijima K, Shirato Y, Koizumi H (2013) Vertical soil–air CO2 dynamics at the Takayama deciduous broadleaved forest AsiaFlux site. J For Res 18:49–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zhang D, Hui D, Luo Y, Zhou G (2008) Rates of litter decomposition in terrestrial ecosystems: global patterns and controlling factors. J Plant Ecol 1:85–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Ecological Society of Japan 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mitsutoshi Tomotsune
    • 1
  • Shinpei Yoshitake
    • 2
  • Rina Masuda
    • 3
  • Hiroshi Koizumi
    • 4
  1. 1.Research Institute for Science and EngineeringWaseda UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Takayama Field Station, River Basin Research CenterGifu UniversityTakayamaJapan
  3. 3.Faculty of Science and EngineeringWaseda UniversityTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Faculty of Education and Integrated Arts and SciencesWaseda UniversityTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations