Correlation between the porosity of γ-Al2O3 and the performance of CuO–ZnO–Al2O3 catalysts for CO2 hydrogenation into methanol
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The influence of the porosity of γ-Al2O3 on the performance of CuO–ZnO–Al2O3 catalysts for methanol synthesis from H2 + CO2 mixture was studied. Various types of γ-Al2O3 with different surface areas (from 130 to 280 m2/g) and pore sizes (from 3 to 11 nm) were investigated. N2 adsorption, XRD, TPR studies and grand canonical Monte Carlo simulation were utilized to determine the correlation between their physico-chemical properties and catalytic performance. It was shown that the crystallite size of CuO (determined by XRD) and BET surface area of supports are not the key factors for methanol productivity. The TPR profiles of catalysts demonstrated a direct relationship between CuO–ZnO interaction with their catalytic performance. Interestingly, samples with the uniform pore size of 5 nm exhibit a higher CuO–ZnO interaction and the highest methanol yield. In addition, at this pore size, simulation results showed that the ratio of H2 and CO2 inside the γ-Al2O3 pore was 1.5, which could be an appropriate feed ratio for high methanol productivity.
KeywordsCO2 hydrogenation γ-Al2O3 CuO–ZnO interaction TPR Pore size distribution Monte Carlo
This work was carried out at PVPro, VPI and supported by Vietnam National Oil and Gas Group (03/NCCB(PVPro)/2012/HĐ-NCKH) and the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Vietnam (DT.03.12/NLSH).
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Conflict of interest
On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.
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