In-State College Tuition Policies for Undocumented Immigrants: Implications for High School Enrollment Among Non-citizen Mexican Youth
- 981 Downloads
This paper examines the secondary effects of policies that extend or deny in-state tuition to children of undocumented immigrants. Drawing upon repeated cross-sections of 15–17-year-olds in the Current Population Survey across 1997–2010, we assess changes in high school enrollment rates among Mexican-born non-citizen youth—a proxy for the undocumented youth population. We find that Mexican-born non-citizen youth living in states that deny in-state tuition benefits to undocumented youth are 49 % less likely to be enrolled in school than their peers living in states with no explicit policy. Conversely, Mexican-born non-citizen youth living in states that grant in-state tuition benefits to undocumented youth are 65 % more likely to be enrolled in school than their peers living in states with no explicit policy. The enactment of these policies is unrelated to changes in school enrollment among naturalized citizens. Our findings lend support to the proposition that that the implementation of in-state tuition policies sends signals to immigrant youth about their future educational possibilities in the long-term, which in turn influences the extent to which they engage in school in the short-term.
KeywordsImmigrant Undocumented immigrant School enrollment State policies
- Aud, S., KewalRamani, A., & Frohlich, L. (2011). America’s youth: Transitions to adulthood (NCES 2012-026). US Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
- Bozick, R. (2008). College enrollment. In R. Crosnoe, M.E. Hughes, & A. Pienta (Eds.), Encyclopedia of the Life Course and Human Development. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Publishing. Google Scholar
- Bozick, R., Miller, T., & Kaneshiro, M. (2013). Non-citizen mexican youth in U.S. higher education: A closer look at the relationship between state tuition policies and college enrollment. Working Paper. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.Google Scholar
- Bartik, T. J., & Lachowska, M. (2012). The short-term effects of the Kalamazoo Promise scholarship on student outcomes. Upjohn Institute Working Paper 12–186. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.Google Scholar
- Chin, A., & Juhn, C. (2011). Does reducing college costs improve educational outcomes for undocumented immigrants? Evidence from state laws permitting undocumented immigrants to pay in-state tuition at state colleges and universities. In D. Leal & S. Trejo (Eds.), Latinos and the economy: Integration and Impact in schools, labor markets, and beyond. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- Filindra, A., Coll, C. G., & Blanding, D. (2011). The power of context: State-level immigration policy and differences in the educational performance of the children of immigrants. Harvard Educational Review, 81(3), 163–193.Google Scholar
- Hoefer, M., Rytina, N., & Baker, B. C. (2010). Estimates of the unauthorized immigrant population residing in the United States: January 2010. Office of Immigration Statistics, Policy Directorate, US Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved April 16, 2012, from http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/publications/ois_ill_pe_2010.pdf.
- National Research Council. (1997). The new Americans: Economic, demographic and fiscal effects of immigration. Washington, DC: The National Academy Press.Google Scholar
- Olatunji, A. N. (2005). Dropping out of high school among Mexican-origin youths: Is early work experience a factor? Harvard Educational Review, 75(3), 286–304.Google Scholar
- Portes, A., & Rumbaut, R. G. (2001). Legacies: The story of the immigrant second generation. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Russell, A. (2011). State policies regarding undocumented college students: A narrative of unresolved issues, ongoing debate and missed opportunities. Washington, DC: American Association of State College and Universities.Google Scholar