Neurochemical Research

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 344–352 | Cite as

1,8-Cineole (Eucalyptol) Mitigates Inflammation in Amyloid Beta Toxicated PC12 Cells: Relevance to Alzheimer’s Disease

  • Andleeb Khan
  • Kumar Vaibhav
  • Hayate Javed
  • Rizwana Tabassum
  • Md. Ejaz Ahmed
  • Mohd. Moshahid Khan
  • M. Badruzzaman Khan
  • Pallavi Shrivastava
  • Farah Islam
  • M. Saeed Siddiqui
  • M. M. Safhi
  • Fakhrul IslamEmail author
Original Paper


Inflammatory process has a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease and insoluble amyloid beta deposits and neurofibrillary tangles provide the obvious stimuli for inflammation. The present study demonstrate the effect of pretreatment of 1,8-cineole (Cin) on inflammation induced by Aβ(25–35) in differentiated PC12 cells. The cells were treated with Cin at different doses for 24 h and then replaced by media containing Aβ(25–35) for another 24 h. The cell viability was decreased in Aβ(25–35) treated cells which was significantly restored by Cin pretreatment. Cin successfully reduced the mitochondrial membrane potential, ROS and NO levels in Aβ(25–35) treated cells. Cin also lowered the levels of proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in Aβ(25–35) treated cells. Moreover, Cin also succeeded in lowering the expression of NOS-2, COX-2 and NF-κB. This study suggests the protective effects of Cin on inflammation and provides additional evidence for its potential beneficial use in therapy as an anti-inflammatory agent in neurodegenerative disease.


Cineole Amyloid beta (Aβ25–35NOS-2 COX-2 NF-κB Cytokines 



The author (A.K.) thanks Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Government of India, New Delhi for the financial assistance. We highly appreciate Dharamvir Singh and Mohd Idris for technical assistance. We also acknowledge SABiosciences as the source of the original pathway map.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andleeb Khan
    • 1
    • 4
  • Kumar Vaibhav
    • 1
  • Hayate Javed
    • 1
    • 5
  • Rizwana Tabassum
    • 1
  • Md. Ejaz Ahmed
    • 1
  • Mohd. Moshahid Khan
    • 1
    • 6
  • M. Badruzzaman Khan
    • 1
    • 7
  • Pallavi Shrivastava
    • 1
    • 8
  • Farah Islam
    • 2
  • M. Saeed Siddiqui
    • 1
  • M. M. Safhi
    • 3
  • Fakhrul Islam
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Neurotoxicology Laboratory, Department of Medical Elementology and ToxicologyJamia Hamdard (Hamdard University)New DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of PharmacyJamia Hamdard (Hamdard University)New DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Neuroscience and Toxicology Unit, Faculty of PharmacyJazan UniversityJazanKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  4. 4.Biomedical Research Unit, Medical Research CenterJazan UniversityJazanKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  5. 5.Department of Neurology, 200 Hawkins DriveUniversity of Iowa Hospitals and ClinicsIowa CityUSA
  6. 6.Department of Neurology, Medical Research CentreUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA
  7. 7.Center for Molecular Chaperone, 1410 Laney Walker Blvd. CN3141/21AMedical College of GeorgiaAugustaUSA
  8. 8.Department of NeurologyUMDNJ, Robert Wood Johanson Medical SchoolBrunswickUSA

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