Aune, D., Saugstad, O. D., Henriksen, T., et al. (2014). Physical activity and the risk of preeclampsia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Epidemiology, 25(3), 331–343.
Barakat, R., Stirling, J. R., & Lucia, A. (2008). Does exercise training during pregnancy affect gestational age? A randomised controlled trial. BJSM, 42(8), 674–678. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2008.047837.
Basu, J. K., Jeketera, C. M., & Basu, D. (2010). Obesity and its outcomes among pregnant South African women. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 110(2), 101–104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2010.02.020.
Bø, K., Artal, R., Barakat, R., et al. (2016). Exercise and pregnancy in recreational and elite athletes: 2016 evidence summary from the IOC expert group meeting, Lausanne. Part 2—The effect of exercise on the fetus, labour and birth. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50, 1297–1305. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-096810.
Catalano, P., & Ehrenberg, H. (2006). The short-and long-term implications of maternal obesity on the mother and her offspring. BJOG, 113(10), 1126–1133.
Chasan-Taber, L., Schmidt, M. D., Pekow, P., et al. (2008). Predictors of excessive and inadequate gestational weight gain in Hispanic women. Obesity, 16(7), 1657–1666. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2008.256.
Cohen, T. R., & Koski, K. G. (2013). Limiting excess weight gain in healthy pregnant women: Importance of energy intakes, physical activity, and adherence to gestational weight gain guidelines. J Pregnancy, 2013, 787032. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/787032.
da Silva, I. C., van Hees, V. T., Ramires, V. V., et al. (2014). Physical activity levels in three Brazilian birth cohorts as assessed with raw triaxial wrist accelerometry. International Journal of Epidemiology, 43(6), 1959–1968. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyu203.
da Silva, S. G., Ricardo, L. I., Evenson, K. R., et al. (2016). Leisure-time physical activity in pregnancy and maternal-child health: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and cohort studies. Sports Medicine, 47(2), 1–23.
Di Fabio, D. R., Blomme, C. K., Smith, K. M., et al. (2015). Adherence to physical activity guidelines in mid-pregnancy does not reduce sedentary time: An observational study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 12, 27. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-015-0191-7.
Evenson, K. R., & Wen, F. (2011). Prevalence and correlates of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior among US pregnant women. Preventive Medicine, 53(1–2), 39–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.04.014.
Ferraro, Z. M., Gaudet, L., & Adamo, K. B. (2012). The potential impact of physical activity during pregnancy on maternal and neonatal outcomes. Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey, 67(2), 99–110. https://doi.org/10.1097/OGX.0b013e318242030e.
Fraser, A., Tilling, K., Macdonald-Wallis, C., et al. (2011). Associations of gestational weight gain with maternal body mass index, waist circumference, and blood pressure measured 16 y after pregnancy: The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 93(6), 1285–1292. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.110.008326.
Gradmark, A., Pomeroy, J., Renström, F., et al. (2011). Physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and estimated insulin sensitivity and secretion in pregnant and non-pregnant women. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth, 11, 14. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2393-11-44.
Haakstad, L., & Bø, K. (2011). Exercise in pregnant women and birth weight: A randomized controlled trial. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth, 11, 66. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2393-11-66.
Hayes, L., Mcparlin, C., Kinnunen, T. I., et al. (2015). Change in level of physical activity during pregnancy in obese women: Findings from the UPBEAT pilot trial. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth, 15, 52. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-015-0479-2.
Hjorth, M. F., Kloster, S., Girma, T., et al. (2012). Level and intensity of objectively assessed physical activity among pregnant women from urban Ethiopia. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth, 12, 154. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2393-12-154.
Kiel, D. W., Dodson, E. A., Artal, R., et al. (2007). Gestational weight gain and pregnancy outcomes in obese women: How much is enough? Obstetrics & Gynecology, 110(4), 752–758.
Liu, J., Blair, S. N., Teng, Y., et al. (2011). Physical activity during pregnancy in a prospective cohort of British women: Results from the Avon longitudinal study of parents and children. European Journal of Epidemiology, 26(3), 237–247. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-010-9538-1.
Mozurkewich, E. L., Luke, B., Avni, M., et al. (2000). Working conditions and adverse pregnancy outcome: A meta-analysis. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 95(4), 623–635.
Mukona, D., Munjanja, S. P., Zvinavashe, M., & Stray-Pederson, B. (2016). Physical activity in pregnant women in Africa: A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery, 8(4), 28–34. https://doi.org/10.5897/IJNM2015.0196.
Popkin, B. M. (1994). The nutrition transition in low-income countries: An emerging crisis. Nutrition Reviews, 52(9), 285–298.
Poudevigne, M. S., & O’Connor, P. J. (2006). A review of physical activity patterns in pregnant women and their relationship to psychological health. Sports Medicine, 36(1), 19–38. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200636010-00003.
Rousham, E., Clarke, P., & Gross, H. (2006). Significant changes in physical activity among pregnant women in the UK as assessed by accelerometry and self-reported activity. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 60(3), 393–400.
Schlüssel, M. M., de Souza, E. B., Reichenheim, M. E., et al. (2008). Physical activity during pregnancy and maternal-child health outcomes: A systematic literature review. Cad Saúde Pública, 24, S531–S544.
Siega-Riz, A. M., Viswanathan, M., Moos, M. K., et al. (2009). A systematic review of outcomes of maternal weight gain according to the Institute of Medicine recommendations: Birthweight, fetal growth, and postpartum weight retention. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 201(4), 339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2009.07.002.
Stein, A. D., Rivera, J. M., & Pivarnik, J. M. (2003). Measuring energy expenditure in habitually active and sedentary pregnant women. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 35(8), 1441–1446.
Steyn, N. P., & Mchiza, Z. J. (2014). Obesity and the nutrition transition in Sub-Saharan Africa. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1311, 88–101. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.12433.
Streuling, I., Beyerlein, A., Rosenfeld, E., et al. (2011). Physical activity and gestational weight gain: A meta-analysis of intervention trials. BJOG, 118(3), 278–284. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2010.02801.x.
Vamos, C. A., Flory, S., Sun, H., et al. (2015). Do physical activity patterns across the lifecourse impact birth outcomes? Maternal and Child Health Journal, 19(8), 1775–1782. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-015-1691-4.
van Hees, V. T., Fang, Z., Langford, J., et al. (2014). Autocalibration of accelerometer data for free-living physical activity assessment using local gravity and temperature: An evaluation on four continents. Journal of Applied Physiology, 117(7), 738–744. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00421.2014.
van Hees, V. T., Renström, F., Wright, A., et al. (2011). Estimation of daily energy expenditure in pregnant and non-pregnant women using a wrist-worn tri-axial accelerometer. PLoS ONE, 6(7), e22922. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022922.
White, T., Westgate, K., Wareham, N. J., & Brage, S. (2016). Estimation of physical activity energy expenditure during free-living from wrist accelerometry in UK adults. PLoS ONE, 11(12), e0167472. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0167472.
Yang, C.-C., & Hsu, Y.-L. (2010). A review of accelerometry-based wearable motion detectors for physical activity monitoring. Sensors, 10(8), 7772–7788. https://doi.org/10.3390/s100807772.