Cultural Orientation and Psychosocial Adjustment Among Immigrant Adolescents in South Korea
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The present study primarily uses Berry’s theoretical model to examine national identity, acculturation (to South Korea), ethnic identity, and enculturation (to country-of-origin), and how they are linked to immigrant adolescents’ aggression and depression in South Korea. Data were collected from 120 immigrant youths (i.e., those born in South Korea and those born in their country-of-origin) in eight middle schools. Analyses include multivariate regression and cluster analyses. Findings indicate that South Korean identity (m = 48, F = 77.0, p < .001), acculturation to South Korean culture (m = 44.9, F = 52.3, p < .01), and mother’s Korean proficiency (m = 3.6, F = 10.9, p < .001) were higher among Korea-born adolescents. Enculturation (m = 35.5, F = 13.7, p < .001) and depression (m = 36.4, F = 15.3, p < .001) were higher among foreign-born adolescents. Aggression (r = − .26, p < .01) and depression (r = − .46, p < .01) were lower among native-born Korean adolescents. South Korean identity (B = − .27, p = .02) and acculturation (B = − .28, p = .01) were negatively associated with aggression. South Korean identity (B = − .22, p = .04), acculturation (B = − .21, p = .03), and ethnic identity (B = − .17, p = .02) were negatively associated with depression. Integration youth (M = 12.7) and assimilation youth (M = 11.5) reported lower aggression than marginalization youth (M = 15.8, F = 5.48, p < .01). Assimilation type had better outcomes than separation and marginalization types.
KeywordsAcculturation Adolescents Aggression Depression Immigrant South Korea
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.
The study was approved by the first and last authors’ Institutional Review Board and met all ethical standards, such as voluntary participation, confidentiality, and limited risk. The second and third author did not participate in the data collection.
Informed consent was obtained in the study.
Research Involving Human and Animal Participants
The authors ensured that all ethical standards were met; thus, there are no ethical issues with regards to human participants or animals.
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