Decomposing the Household Food Insecurity Gap for Children of U.S.-Born and Foreign-Born Hispanics: Evidence from 1998 to 2011

Abstract

Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-K, multivariate analysis, state fixed effects, and regression decomposition, we examine changes in food insecurity for Hispanic kindergarteners between 1998 and 2011, a time period of rapid immigration and political/socio-economic changes. During this time the household food insecurity gap between children of U.S.-born and foreign-born mothers increased by almost 7 percentage points. The factors—child, family, and state—that contributed to the nativity gap differed over time. In both periods, lower familial resources among immigrant families, i.e. endowment effects, contributed to the gap; this was the main component of the gap in 2011 but only one component in 1998. In 1998, heterogeneity in state effects was positively associated with the nativity food insecurity gap. This means that children of foreign-born mothers experience higher household food insecurity than do children of U.S.-born mothers in the same state, even after controlling for child and family characteristics. In 2011, almost half of the gap remained unexplained. This unexplained portion could be driven by differential effects of the Great Recession, growing anti-immigrant sentiment, and/or the relatively large share of unauthorized immigrants in 2011.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. 1.

    Coleman-Jensen A, Gregory C, Singh A. Household food security in the United States in 2013. USDA-ERS Economic Research Report 2014;173.

  2. 2.

    Van Hook J, Landale NS, Hillemeier, MM. Is the United States bad for children’s health? Risk and resilience among young children of immigrants. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute; 2013. Retrieved 30 Nov 2013.

  3. 3.

    Cook JT, Frank DA. Food security, poverty, and human development in the United States. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008;1136(1):193–209.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Gundersen C, Kreider B, Pepper J. The economics of food insecurity in the United States. App Econ Perspect Policy. 2011. Doi:10.1093/aepp/ppr022

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Capps R. The health and well-being of young children of immigrants. 2005.

  6. 6.

    Perreira KM, Ornelas IJ. The physical and psychological well-being of immigrant children. Future Child. 2011;21(1):195–218.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Potochnick S, Mooney M. The decade of immigrant dispersion and growth: a cohort analysis of children of immigrants’ educational experiences 1990–2002. Int Migr Rev. 2015;49(4):1001–41.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Chávez N, Telleen S, Kim YOR. Food insufficiency in urban Latino families. J Immigr Minor Health. 2007;9(3):197–204.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Chilton M, Black MM, Berkowitz C, Casey PH, Cook J, Cutts D, et al. Food insecurity and risk of poor health among US-born children of immigrants. Am J Public Health. 2009;99(3):556–62.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Kalil A, Chen JH. Mothers’ citizenship status and household food insecurity among low-income children of immigrants. New Dir Child Adolesc Dev. 2008;121:43–62.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Kaushal N, Waldfogel J, Wight VR. Food insecurity and SNAP participation in Mexican immigrant families: the impact of the outreach initiative. BE J Econ Anal Policy. 2013;14(1):203–40.

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Kersey M, Geppert J, Cutts DB. Hunger in young children of Mexican immigrant families. Pub Health Nutr. 2007;10(04):390–5.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Kimbro RT, Denney JT, Panchang S. Individual, family, and neighborhood characteristics and children’s food insecurity. J App Research Child. Inform Policy Child Risk. 2012;3(1):8.

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Quandt SA, Shoaf JI, Tapia J, Hernández-Pelletier M, Clark H, Arcury TA. Experiences of Latino immigrant families in North Carolina help explain elevated levels of food insecurity and hunger. J Nutr. 2006;136(10):2638–44.

    CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Rosenblum MR, Brick K. US immigration policy and Mexican/Central American migration flows. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute; 2011.

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Passel JS. Demography of immigrant youth: past, present, and future. Future Child. 2011;21(1):19–41.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Passel JS, Taylor P. Unauthorized immigrants and their US-born children. Washington, DC: Pew Hispanic Center; 2010.

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Massey DS. New faces in new places: the changing geography of American immigration. New York City: Russell Sage Foundation; 2008.

    Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Crowley M, Lichter DT, Qian Z. Beyond gateway cities: economic restructuring and poverty among Mexican immigrant families and children. Family Relat. 2006;55(3):345–60.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Hirschman C, Massey DS. Places and peoples: The new American mosaic. New faces in new places: The changing geography of American immigration. 2008;1–21.

  21. 21.

    Filindra A, Blanding D, Coll CG. The power of context: state-level policies and politics and the educational performance of the children of immigrants in the United States. Harvard Educ Rev. 2011;81(3):407–38.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Fortuny K, Chaudry A. A comprehensive review of immigrant access to health and human services. Washington, DC: Urban Institute; 2011.

    Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Martin SF, Gozdziak EM. Beyond the gateway: immigrants in a changing America. Lanham: Lexington Books; 2005.

    Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Laglagaron L, Rodríguez C, Silver A, Thanasombat S. Regulating immigration at the state level: highlights from the database of 2007 state immigration legislation and the methodology. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute, 2008.

    Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Kochhar R, Espinoza CS, Hinze-Pifer R. After the great recession: foreign born gain jobs; native born lose jobs. Washington, DC: Pew Hispanic Center; 2010.

    Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Liu CY, Edwards J. Immigrant employment through the Great Recession: Individual characteristics and metropolitan contexts. Soc Sci J. 2015;52(3):405–414.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Martin KS, Rogers BL, Cook JT, Joseph HM. Social capital is associated with decreased risk of hunger. Soc Sci Med. 2004;58(12):2645–54.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    Nord M, Andrews M, Carlson S. Household food security in the United States, 2004. USDA-ERS Economic Research Report. 2005(11).

  29. 29.

    Potochnick S, Arteaga I. A decade of analysis household food insecurity among low-income immigrant children. J Family Issues. 2016. Doi:10.1177/0192513X16661216.

    Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    Daymont TN, Andrisani PJ. Job preferences, college major, and the gender gap in earnings. J Human Resour. 1984;19:408–428.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. 31.

    Arteaga I, Glewwe P. Achievement gap between indigenous and non-indigenous children in Peru: an analysis of young lives survey data. 2014.

  32. 32.

    Glewwe P, Krutikova S, Rolleston C. Do schools reinforce or reduce learning gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged students? Evidence from Vietnam and Peru. Oxford: Young Lives; 2014.

    Google Scholar 

  33. 33.

    Kao G, Tienda M. Optimism and achievement: the educational performance of immigrant youth. The new immigration: an interdisciplinary reader. 2005;331–343.

  34. 34.

    Yoshikawa H, Kalil A. The effects of parental undocumented status on the developmental contexts of young children in immigrant families. Child Dev Perspect. 2011;5(4):291–7.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank the University of Missouri’s Research Board for its grant support. We are also thankful to Christal Hamilton for her research assistance.

Funding

This study was funded by the University of Missouri Research Board Grant.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Irma Arteaga.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

Arteaga, Potochnick and Parsons declares that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Arteaga, I., Potochnick, S. & Parsons, S. Decomposing the Household Food Insecurity Gap for Children of U.S.-Born and Foreign-Born Hispanics: Evidence from 1998 to 2011. J Immigrant Minority Health 19, 1050–1058 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-017-0561-0

Download citation

Keywords

  • Hispanic
  • Food insecurity disparities
  • Cohort analysis
  • Decomposition technique