Aronson, J., Burgess, D. J., Phelan, S. M., & Juarez, L. (2013). Unhealthy interactions: The role of stereotype threat in health disparities. American Journal of Public Health,
Beaman, L. G., & Beyer, P. (Eds.). (2008). Religion and diversity in Canada. Leiden: Brill.
Beyer, P. (2005). Religious identity and educational attainment among recent immigrants to Canada: Gender, age, and 2nd generation. Journal of International Migration and Integration,
Bilodeau, A., Turgeon, L., White, S., & Henderson, A. (2018). Strange bedfellows? Attitudes toward minority and majority religious symbols in the public sphere. Politics and Religion,
Blanchflower, D. G. (2009). International evidence on well-being. In A. B. Krueger (Ed.), National time accounting and subjective well-being (pp. 155–226). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Blanchflower, D. G., & Oswald, A. J. (2008). Is well-being u-shaped over the life cycle? Social Science and Medicine,
Bonikowska, A., Helliwell, J. F., Hou, F., & Schellenberg, G. (2015). An assessment of life satisfaction responses on recent Statistics Canada surveys. Social Indicators Research,
Bradford, J. T., & Horton, C. (2016). Mixed blessings: Indigenous encounters with Christianity in Canada. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.
Bramadat, P., & Dawson, L. L. (2014). Religious radicalization and securitization in Canada and beyond. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Branscombe, N. R., Schmitt, M. T., & Harvey, R. D. (1999). Perceiving pervasive discrimination among African Americans: Implications for group identification and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
Branscombe, N. R., & Wann, D. L. (1994). Collective self-esteem consequences of outgroup derogation when a valued social identity is on trial. European Journal of Social Psychology,
Brym, R. J., Shaffir, W., & Weinfeld, M. (1993). The Jews in Canada. Toronto: Oxford University Press.
Christie, N., & Gauvreau, M. (2010). Christian Churches and their peoples, 1840–1965: A social history of religion in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Conway, K. (2012). Quebec’s Bill 94: What’s ‘reasonable’? what’s ‘accommodation’? and what’s the meaning of the Muslim veil? American Review of Canadian Studies,
Cooper, K., Smith, L. G. E., & Russell, A. (2017). Social identity, self-esteem, and mental health in autism. European Journal of Social Psychology,
Cummins, R. A. (1996). The domains of life satisfaction: An attempt to order chaos. Social Indicators Research,
Delavignette, R. (1964). Christianity and colonialism. New York: Hawthorne Books.
Diener, E., Inglehart, R., & Tay, L. (2013). Theory and validity of life satisfaction scales. Social Indicators Research,
Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychology Bulletin,
Dilmaghani, M. (2018). Religiosity and subjective wellbeing in Canada. Journal of Happiness Studies,
Doane, M. J., & Elliott, M. (2015). Perceptions of discrimination among atheists: Consequences for aitheist identification, psychological and physical well-being. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality,
Easterlin, R. A. (2003). Explaining happiness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,
Elgazzar, S. (2008). The sacred public sphere: Praying for secularism. Canadian Diversity,
Ellison, C. G., Boardman, J. D., Williams, D. R., & Jackson, J. S. (2001). Religious involvement, stress, and mental health: Findings from the 1995 Detroit Area Study. Social Forces,
Ellison, C. G., Gay, D. A., & Glass, T. A. (1989). Does religious commitment contribute to individual life satisfaction? Social Forces,
Ellison, C. G., & George, L. K. (1994). Religious involvement, social ties, and social support in a Southeastern community. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion,
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (2017). Religious discrimination. https://www1.eeoc.gov//laws/types/religion.cfm?renderforprint=1. Accessed 15 April 2017.
Ferrer-i-Carbonell, A., & Frijters, P. (2004). How important is methodology for the estimates of the determinants of happiness? The Economic Journal,
Fong, E., & Chan, E. (2011). Residential patterns among religious groups in Canadian cities. City & Community,
Fox, J. (2007). Religious discrimination: A world survey. Journal of International Affairs,
Frank, K., & Hou, F. (2017). Over-education and well-being: How does education-occupation mismatch affect the life satisfaction of university-educated immigrants and non-immigrant workers. Ethnicity and Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/13557858.2017.1316832.
Frey, B. F., & Stutzer, A. (2000). Happiness, economy and institutions. Economic Journal,
Frijters, P., & Beatton, T. (2012). The mystery of the u-shaped relationship between happiness and age. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization,
Gee, E. M., & Veevers, J. E. (1990). Religious involvement and life satisfaction in Canada. Sociology of Religion,
George, L. K., Ellison, C. G., & Larson, D. B. (2002). Explaining the relationships between religious involvement and health. Psychological Inquiry,
Green, M., & Elliott, M. (2010). Religion, health, and psychological well-being. Journal of Religion and Health,
Greene, K. V., & Yoon, B. J. (2004). Religiosity, economics and life satisfaction. Review of Social Economy,
Greenfield, E. A., & Marks, N. F. (2007). Religious social identity as an explanatory factor for associations between more frequent formal religious participation and psychological well-being. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion,
Helliwell, J. F. (2003). How’s life? Combining individual and national variables to explain subjective well-being. Economic Modelling,
Hou, F. (2014). Keep up with the Joneses or keep on as their neighbours: Life satisfaction and income in Canadian urban neighbourhoods. Journal of Happiness Studies,
Jamil, U., & Rousseau, C. (2012). Subject positioning, fear, and insecurity in South Asian Muslim communities in the War on Terror context. Canadian Review of Sociology,
Jaspere, M., Ward, C., & Jose, P. E. (2012). Identity, perceived religious discrimination, and psychological well-being in Muslim immigrant women. Applied Psychology,
Kaiser, C. R., & Major, B. (2006). A social psychological perspective on perceiving and reporting discrimination. Law & Social Inquiry,
Knowles, V. (2007). Strangers at our gates: Canadian immigration and immigration policy, 1540–2006. Toronto: Dundrum. (revised ed.).
Kortt, M. A., Dollery, B., & Grant, B. (2015). Religion and life satisfaction down under. Journal of Happiness Studies,
Krause, N. (2003). Religious meaning and subjective well-being in late life. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences,
Lee, S., Hou, F., Edmonston, B., & Wu, Z. (2017). Religious intermarriage in Canada, 1981 to 2011. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion,
Leondari, A., & Gialamas, V. (2009). Religiosity and psychological well-being. International Journal of Psychology,
Lim, C. (2015). Religion and subjective well-being across religious traditions: Evidence from 1.3 million Americans. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion,
Lim, C., & Putnam, R. D. (2010). Religion, social networks, and life satisfaction. American Sociological Review,
Lum, F. (2017). The Quebec City mosque attack: What we know so far. The globe and mail, 30 January 2017. https://beta.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/quebec-city-mosque-shooting-what-we-know-so-far/article33826078/?ref=http://www.theglobeandmail.com. Accessed 10 Mar 2017.
Malenfant, E. C., Lebel, A., & Martel, L. (2010). Projections of the diversity of the Canadian population: 2006 to 2031. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, Catalogue No. 91-551-X.
Model, S., & Lin, L. (2002). The cost of not being Christian: Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims in Britain and Canada. International Migration Review,
Mood, C. (2010). Logistic regression: Why we cannot do what we think we can do, and what we can do about it. European Sociological Review,
Mossakowski, K. N. (2003). Coping with perceived discrimination: Does ethnic identity protect mental health? Journal of Health and Social Behavior,
Nagra, B., & Maurutto, P. (2016). Crossing borders and managing racialized identities: Experiences of security and surveillance among young Canadian Muslims. Canadian Journal of Sociology,
Neill, C. M., & Kahn, A. S. (1999). The role of personal spirituality and religious social activity on the life satisfaction of older widowed women. Sex Roles,
Nichols, A. (2007). Causal inference with observational data. The Stata Journal,
Noh, S., Beiser, M., Kaspar, V., Hou, F., & Rummens, J. (1999). Perceived racial discrimination, depression, and coping: A study of Southeast Asian refugees in Canada. Journal of Health and Social Behavior,
Parent, M. C., Brewster, M. E., Cook, S. W., & Harmon, K. A. (2018). Is minority stress in the eye of the beholder? A test of minority stress theory with Christians. Journal of Religion and Health. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-017-0550-6.
Park, C. L. (2007). Religiousness/spirituality and health: A meaning systems perspective. Journal of Behavioral Medicine,
Pasek, M. H., & Cook, J. E. (2017). Religion from the target’s perspective: A portrait of religious threat and its consequences in the United States. Social Psychological and Personality Science. https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550617739089.
Pavot, W., & Diener, E. (2008). The satisfaction with life scale and the emerging construct of life satisfaction. The Journal of Positive Psychology,
Pollner, M. (1989). Divine relations, social relations, and well-being. Journal of Health and Social Behavior,
Powell, L. H., Shahabi, L., & Thoresen, C. E. (2003). Religion and spirituality: Linkages to physical health. American Psychologist,
Prutschi, M. (2004). Anti-semitism in Canada. Jewish Political Studies Review,
Pyszczynski, T., Greenberg, J., Solomon, S., Arndt, J., & Schimel, J. (2004). Why do people need self-esteem: A theoretical and empirical review. Psychological Bulletin,
Reitz, J. G., & Banerjee, R. (2007). Racial inequality, social cohesion and policy issues in Canada. In K. Banting, T. J. Courchene, & F. L. Seidle (Eds.), Belonging? Diversity, recognition and shared citizenship in Canada (pp. 1–57). Montreal: Institute for Research on Public Policy.
Reitz, J. G., Banerjee, R., Phan, M., & Thompson, J. (2009). Race, Religion, and the social integration of new immigrant minorities in Canada. International Migration Review,
Rousseau, C., Hassan, G., Moreau, N., & Thombs, B. D. (2011). Perceived discrimination and its associations with psychological distress among newly arrived immigrants before and after September 11, 2001. American Journal of Public Health,
Schieman, S., Bierman, A., & Ellison, C. G. (2010). Religious involvement, beliefs about God, and the sense of mattering among older adults. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion,
Schieman, S., Bierman, A., & Ellison, C. G. (2013). Religion and mental health. In C. S. Aneshensel, J. C. Phelan, & A. Bierman (Eds.), Handbook of the sociology of mental health (pp. 457–478). New York: Springer.
Seeman, T. E., Dubin, L. F., & Seeman, M. (2003). Religiosity/spirituality and health: A critical review of the evidence for biological pathways. American Psychologist,
Seijak, D. (2008). Secularization and the separation of church and state in Canada. Canadian Diversity,
Spencer, S. J., Logel, C., & Davies, P. G. (2016). Stereotype threat. Annual Review of Psychology,
Statistics Canada. (2011). Immigration and ethnocultural diversity in Canada. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, Catalogue No. 99-010-X2011001.
Statistics Canada. (2013). General social survey: An overview, 2013. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, Catalogue No. 89F0115X.
Statistics Canada. (2016). Canadian demographics at a glance (2nd ed.). Ottawa: Statistics Canada, Catalogue No. 91-003-X.
Steele, C. M., & Aronson, J. (1995). Stereotype threat and the intellectual test performance of African Americans. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
Steele, C. M., Spencer, S. J., & Aronson, J. (2002). Contending with group image: The psychology of stereotype and social identity threat. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology,
Steuter-Martin. (2017). Breaking down Bill 62: What you can and can’t do while wearing a niqab in Quebec. CBC. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/bill-62-examples-ministry-release-1.4369347. Accessed 2 May 2018.
Strine, T. W., Chapman, D. P., Balluz, L. S., Moriarty, D. G., & Mokdad, A. H. (2008). The associations between life satisfaction and health-related quality of life, chronic illness, and health behaviors among U.S. community-dwelling adults. Journal of Community Health,
Stroope, S., & Baker, J. O. (2018). Whose moral community? Religiosity, secularity, and self-rated health across communal religious contexts. Journal of Health and Social Behavior,
Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. In W. Austin & S. Worchel (Eds.), The social psychology of intergroup relations (pp. 33–47). Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Verkuyten, M. (2008). Life satisfaction among ethnic minorities: The role of discrimination and group identification. Social Indicators Research,
Verkuyten, M., & Yildiz, A. A. (2007). National (dis)identification and ethnic and religious identity: A study among Turkish–Dutch Muslims. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin,
Ysseldyk, R., Matheson, K., & Anisman, H. (2010). Religiosity as identity: Toward an understanding of religion from a social identity perspective. Personality and Social Psychology Review,
Ysseldyk, R., Matheson, K., & Anisman, H. (2011). Coping with identity threat: The role of religious orientation and implications for emotions and action intentions. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality,
Ysseldyk, R., Talebi, M., Matheson, K., Bloemraad, I., & Anisman, H. (2014). Religious and ethnic discrimination: Differential implications for social support engagement, civic involvement, and political consciousness. Journal of Social and Political Psychology,