Teaching American Government Content to Students with Developmental Disabilities Using Technology and Constant Time Delay


Instructional technology plays a role in supporting access to and meaningful participation in general education curriculum for students with developmental disabilities in inclusive classrooms. In this study, two 18-year-old students with developmental disabilities received technology-supported instruction to assist with learning the content in their co-taught American government class. Two interventionists (i.e., a special education teacher and a researcher) implemented video modeling and used constant time delay procedures to teach the pictorial sequencing of three social studies topics on an iPad®. As a secondary measure, students verbally explained the picture sequences. Researchers used a multiple probe design across behaviors and replicated across participants. Visual analysis indicated a functional relation between the use of the intervention and the number of correctly sequenced pictures. Limitations and implications for practice are discussed.

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Correspondence to Allison M. Kroesch.

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Kroesch, A.M., Douglas, K.H., Jozwik, S. et al. Teaching American Government Content to Students with Developmental Disabilities Using Technology and Constant Time Delay. J Dev Phys Disabil 32, 925–941 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10882-019-09726-9

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  • Academic skills
  • Constant time delay
  • Developmental disabilities
  • High school students
  • Mobile technologies
  • Tablet-based intervention
  • Video modeling